A demographic study of 1,000 sample households in char villages of four development blocks in Barpeta and Kamrup districts revealed a TFR of 4.56. 4.1. Lower Assam also Western Assam is a region situated in Western Brahmaputra Valley encompassing Kamrup and Goalpara regions. Assam and that of 52.2 percent in India it can be said that not only South Assam but also the whole of Assam State is lagging behind in this respect. Feudalism is the outcome of this uneven distribution of landed wealth, and falling literacy is providing the fuel it needs besides impacting social health. The district head-quarter town Dhubri is a place of historical importance and legends are woven around some of the sites in its vicinity. The following table shows the details from 1951 to 2011 census data on total literacy rate in percentage. If taken as one administrative unit, the chars under 59 development blocks and accounting for 9.35% of Assam’s total population form the most illiterate part of India. In 2011, the country’s least literate (36.10%) district was Alirajpur in Madhya Pradesh while Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh held this record in 2001 with 30.35%. Non-Farm Employment in North-Eastern Region: ... ranked at the lowest having its literacy rate at 59.36 percent only. Innumerable chars – detached from the geographical mainland – dot the 720km stretch of river Brahmaputra. Moreover, these areas have a very high dropout rate for the male child at the primary school level. Financial Assistance 2021 - SC Graduate Unemployed Youths, Income Tax Department Recruitment 2021 - 38 Inspector, Tax Assistant and MTS Vacancy. As per the Census India 2011, Assam has 6406471 households, population of 31205576 of which 15939443 are males and 15266133 are females. Kerala has once again ranked as the most educated state in India with 96.2%, followed by 88.7% in the national capital Delhi, 87.6% in Uttarakhand, and 86.6% in Himachal Pradesh. Literacy figures are collected by census takers which essentially … The districts are demarcated on the basis of the features such as the rivers, hills, forests, etc. Socio-Economic Survey Report, Directorate of Char Areas Development, 1992-93 and 2002-03. Abstract- Literacy is a determinant of Social, economic, cultural and political development of an area. Hence, an assessment is required as to what extent literacy and economic empowerment is complementary to each other in such a literacy-advanced district of the state. In rural areas of Assam, literacy rate for males and female stood at 75.40 % and 60.05 %. The capital city of Assam is Dispur. The chars cover 3,608 sq km of the Brahmaputra basin, which works out to 4.6% of Assam’s geographical area. Over 1.4 lakh marginal workers, vendors shoulder responsibility of Guwahati’s development, but who cares about them? Most are small and marginal farmers while 30% are landless. The majority of the newly constituted districts are sub-divisions of the earlier districts. In 2001, Kanyakumari had the highest rural literacy rate at 86.17, whereas Salem had the lowest at 57.27. In 2011, the country’s least literate (36.10%) district was Alirajpur in Madhya Pradesh while Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh held this record in 2001 with 30.35%. The chars are normally triangular in shape and are prone to erosion. The current literacy rate in Assam state of India is 73.18%. On the other hand, Kokrajhar, the district bordering Dhubri and dominated by Bodo tribes has shown the lowest population growth at 5.19 per cent. (Angshuman Sarma is a researcher at North Eastern Social Research Centre), Agnihotri, SK, & Ray, BD (2002): Perspective of Security and development in North East India, Chakraborty, G (2009): Assam's Hinterland, Rajan, SI (2005): District Level Fertility Estimates for Hindus and Muslims, http://www.census2011.co.in/facts/lowdistrictliteracy.html. All Rights Reserved. The total literacy rate of Dhubri district was 58.34% in 2011 which is less than average literacy rate 72.19% of Assam. The main objective of this paper to study the literacy pattern of scheduled tribe population of Goalpara district. Literacy declining in Assam’s char areas The head teacher stopped coming to No. Villagers in Assam’s Morigaon district have isolated themselves by setting up bamboo fences and constructing temporary road/bylane blockades to prevent the entry of other people from surrounding villages, to prevent the spread of novel coronavirus. As per the 2002-03 survey, there are 1,852 lower primary schools, 574 middle schools, 218 high schools, eight higher secondary schools and 18 colleges to cater to the educational needs of the char dwellers. In Assam, 4,187,323 children (0-6) live in rural areas. In Assam, the gap among male and female literacy is of 8.9 rate points, with male literacy at 90.1% and female literacy at 81.2%. The head teacher stopped coming to No. Literacy eradicates poverty and unemployment, generates employment, economic growth, international relationship, improves social status and standard of living among the social groups. The literacy rate of Assam is 73.18 %. It is interesting to observe that rank as regards HDI and GDI are identical for most of the districts. 100% literacy achieved in the … Krishnagiri district has the highest rural literacy rate growth over the decade at 9.8 per cent and Madurai has the lowest at 2.68 per cent. Assam is one of state in India with population of 31205576. The literacy rates shown against Gujarat in col. (2), (3), (5) and (6) for 1991 and 2001 respectively exclude the en tire Kachchh district; Morvi, Maliya-Miyana and Wankaner talukas of Rajkot district; Jodiya taluka of Jamnagar district where the 2001 census enumeration could not be held due to natural calamities. There are 27 districts, 184 Taluks, 26395 villages and 226 towns in Assam. The district lies between 26 o 48' and 27 o 53' Northern latitude and 93 o 42' and 94 o 20' East longitude (approx.) Average literacy rate in Assam for rural areas was 69.34 percent. Copyright NEZINE.com. Their unique geo-morphology aside, these chars are characterised by settlements, agricultural patches, muddy roads, periodic markets, schools and other public institutions. 411 Alipur (Tapajuli Pathar) Lower Primary School two years ago. There has been no socio-economic survey of the char areas in more than a decade. Assam has also succeeded in lowering its gender gap in literacy rate (literacy rate of male minus that of female). The State of Assam is divided into 33 Administrative Districts. National Statistical Office (NSO). If taken as one administrative unit, the chars under 59 development blocks and accounting for 9.35% of Assam’s total population form the most illiterate part of India. The Gurudwara here is said to be the oldest Sikh temple of Assam. The assistant teacher, appointed through Teacher Eligibility Test, was an occasional visitor until he too began playing truant with the onset of the 2015 monsoon. Some 68% of the char dwellers are below poverty line (BPL). The other 6 districts curved out of Assam, Sylhet district had given to East Pakistan; Jayantia, Garo and Khasi were combined and became Meghalya State; Lushiai hills became Mizoram; Naga hills became Nagaland; NEFA became Arunachal Pradesh; the both princely states Tripura and Manipur included in Assam and later separated as state and Koch Bihar became part of West Bengal. According to Census 2011, Kerala has the highest total literacy rate and female literacy rate whereas Lakshadweep had the highest male literacy rate. Rajasthan has the lowest male literacy rate, while Bihar has the lowest female literacy rate. Even with such low literacy rates, the literacy rate in char areas of four districts – Kamrup, Bongaigaon, Dhubri and Tinsukia – has fallen, as indicated by the 2002-03 survey. The Netai Dhubuni Ghat related to the myth of Beula and Lakhindar is in here. TOR IN NORTH-EASTERN STATES, ASSAM AND DHUBRI DISTRICT. Higher population growth has also led to for poor health consciousness and lack of vertical mobility in these areas. Morigaon district in south-central Assam has the dubious distinction of most erosion affected riverine areas of the state. The inhabitants lead an uncertain life with erosion often forcing them to shift their settlements – gradually from the river-eaten upstream end toward the downstream end where silt is simultaneously deposited. But the char areas collectively exhibit a grim situation since no other geographical area in India has seen absolute fall in literacy rate. This, for a population of 25 lakh, means less than one lower primary school for 1,000 people and worse in the case of higher education. But, a few districts … grouped on the basis of literacy, namely Low Literacy districts (below 50%: Dhubri), Moderate Literacy districts (50-60%: Bongaigoan, Barpeta, Darrang, Goalpara, Hailakandi, Karbi Anglong, Morigoan and Kokrajhar,), High Literacy districts (60- Take a Local Train Journey in Assam, ARCHIVAL RECORDS: SITUATION IN ASSAM DURING BANGLADESH LIBERATION WAR IN 1971-PART 7, Jute cultivation: Climate change impact has ruined the cultivators of the golden fibre in Assam, Online classes during COVID-19: Pandemic situation brings the lesson how the digital divide in Assam is pushing underprivileged and downtrodden students to the brink, Frontline warriors of COVID-19: The story behind deep financial crisis of 33,000 ASHA workers that went unheard, unnoticed in Assam, Assam’s MSME Ordinance: Just the opposite of what is needed. Assam’s population grew only by about 11.6% in 2001-2011, whereas the Muslim population grew by 26.2%, with Muslims in many border districts … The assistant teacher, appointed through Teacher Eligibility Test, was an occasional visitor until he too began playing truant with the onset of the 2015 monsoon. DHS Assam Admit Card 2021 - Grade III (Technical & Non - Technical) Vacancy, DTE Assam Admit Card 2021 - Call Letter for 223 Faculty, Instructor & Grade IV Vacancy, DHSFW Assam Admit Card 2021 - 549 Grade III (Technical & Non-Technical) Vacancy, Assam Bhawan Mumbai Recruitment 2021 - 13 Grade-III and Grade-IV Vacancy, RRB Guwahati Admit Card 2020 - NTPC 2nd Phase Exam City & Date Intimation Slip, SSC CGL Recruitment 2021 - Online Application for 6506 Vacancy, Tea Tribes Welfare Admit Card 2021 – 15 Lower Division Assistant Vacancy, Assam HS TET Admit Card 2021 - Higher Secondary TET Call Letter, Assam Govt. Our government both at the centre and in the state have tried to improve and expand education since the attainment of freedom. In Cachar district of Assam the literacy rate is considerably higher from the State and National average. With a literacy rate of 85.9 percent, Assam holds the fifth position in Lakhimpur District is situated on the North East corner of Assam and at the north bank of the River Brahmaputra. Abstract- Literacy is a determinant of Social, economic, cultural and political development of an area. Assam’s Hindu population also has a very low fertility rate. District Literacy; 1: Kamrup Metropolitan: 88.71 %: 2: Jorhat: 82.15 %: 3: Sivasagar: 80.41 %: 4: Cachar: 79.34 %: 5: Nalbari: 78.63 % It is 11.50 per cent in Assam compared to the national … Assam’s Hindu population will fall from 21.8 million to 21.2 million and will shrink further. From Chali Nach to Bhortal Nritya : The colorful mosaic of Barpeta Sattra, Magnitude of Substance Use in India, 2019 Report: Of the total 8.5 lakh injecting drug users in the country, 1.15 lakh are in North-eastern states. Dd Dixon. It is interesting fact to know that the population of Assam is 31,169,272 and spread in total 78,438 KM The char areas are distributed across 23 sub-divisions of 14 districts along the Brahmaputra’s course from Sadiya in the east to Dhubri in the west. As per The 2011 census of Assam Districts, Kamrup Metropolitan is the highest literate district with 89% of literacy rate where as Dhubri is the least literate district with a literacy rate of 58%. The residents of Tapajuli Pathar, a sandbar or river island (char/chapori) in western Assam’s Barpeta district, brought the duo’s absenteeism to the notice of the deputy commissioner and officials of the education department. Select any of the Assam's district to find the Pin code, address and map details. Moreover, within South Assam the lowest literacy rate of 35.9 percent is observed in the Karbi Anglong district as against 48.3 percent in Cachar. Child population forms 15.62 percent of total rural population. Even though the literacy rate in char areas increased from 15.45% during 1992-93 to 19.31% during 2003-04, it was much lower than Assam’s overall rate of 53.79 and 50.48 in rural Assam in 2001. While Kamrup (metro), Jorhat and Sivasagar top the list with literacy rates of 88.71, 82.15 and 80.41 per cent respectively, Dhubri, Darrang and Chirang remained at the bottom with literacy rates of 58.34, 63.08 and 63.55 per cent respectively. In Assam 7 Sansad Areas (MP areas) have been adopted; The areas are : Kemi Jelem (Dhemaji) , Na-Mati (Karbi-Anglong , 2 No Sootea (Sonitpur) ,Kolgasia (Barpeta) , Kuchimara Jordonga (Dhubri) , Lang Kachi 9Tinsukia) and Matijuri - Paikan (Hailakandi). from the highest 0.650 in Jorhat district to the lowest 0.214 in Dhubri district. This survey revealed (see table below) literacy in the chars did not improve much from the 1992-93 scenario. National Cancer Registry Programme 2020: Registries in North-East India record higher incidence of cancer in 12 anatomical sites than the other registries in the country, Handcarts on bad bridge push Mizoram’s border trade with Myanmar, A discussion in Assamese on Issues of Unemployment in Assam and Solutions, NEZINE discussion in Assamese on Land Question in Sixth Schedule Areas, A discussion in Assamese on works of Dr Hiren Gohain, The Sheep and the Snail fight by Gagan Chandra Adhikari, THE SATTRIYA AND THE MANIPURI - TWO CLASSICAL DANCE FORMS OF NORTH-EAST INDIA, Take a Break. The district has the lowest literacy rate (58.30%). “Our children were perhaps destined to remain illiterates,” char dweller Abdur Razzak said. Find the complete list of Rajya Sabha MP (Member of Parliament) belong to Assam state on right hand side. You can check some Assamese Quote, Love SMS, Poem etc here. Population-wise, out of total 922,341 literates, males were 511,551 while females were 410,790. Literacy in India is a key for socio-economic progress, Despite government programmes, India's literacy rate increased only "sluggishly". The last significant one by the Assam State Char Areas Development Authority and the Directorate of Char Areas Development, Assam was in 2002-03. The 2011 census, indicated a 2001–2011 decadal literacy growth of 9.2%, which is slower than the growth seen during the previous decade. The district GDIs for 2001 range between 0.877 in N.C. Hills and 0.012 in Karimganj. Total literates in … Erosion-displaced families prefer to relocate in the newly-created chars that take 3-4 years to settle down and be conducive for human habitation. Literacy rate among women of these areas is 34.3%. The total number of literates in Assam is 19,177,977 of which 10,568,639 are males and 8,609,338 are females. Unfortunately, there was no specific study in the districts where the literacy rate has declined. One can relate this to a decline in the Muslim OBC literacy rate by 2 percentage points in 2011 from the 2001 census figure. Population in Goalpara District, Assam Pallabi Deka Research Scholar, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong-22 . The higher fertility rate has led to higher population density in the char areas – 690 per sq km against the state’s average of 340 per sq km. Population in Goalpara District, Assam Pallabi Deka North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong-22 . According to 2011 India Census data, male literacy rate in Assam is 78.81%, while the female literacy rate is 67.27%. 411 Alipur (Tapajuli Pathar) Lower Primary School two years ago. The term Lower Assam is in Assam Chr An estimated 25 lakh people reside in 2,251 villages on these chars straddling 299 gaon panchayats. Sex Ratio - Dhubri district The finding emphasised the fact that an illiterate woman in India bears 1.2 children more than a literate woman (average 2.2). Literacy rates and standard of living of scheduled tribe population is very low compare to the other social groups. It turned out to be a waste of time; the school established by the British government in 1945 stands today as just a structure with four walls and a roof. This district has very low infrastructure facilities as well as low percentage of literacy. The Karbi Anglong district of Assam is very rich in natural resources. Land ownership in these areas is extremely skewed with 10% of the population owning about 80% of the land. The total fertility rate (TFR) in char areas, for instance, is higher than India’s 2.5 and even Bihar, which recorded the highest of 3.78 in 2011. Literacy rate of scheduled tribe population in Goalpara district is comparatively higher than the other parts of India. 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