Nonetheless, with proper meal planning, pasta can be safely incorporated into a diabetic diet. Take a look at the calories and carbs in the pasta meal that I just mentioned: 3 cups of pasta: 135 grams of carbohydrate, 663 calories 1 cup of sauce: 30 grams of carbohydrate, 185 calories 1 slice of garlic bread: 24 grams of carbohydrate, 170 calories Total: 189 grams of carbohydrate, 1,018 calories If you dine in an Italian restaurant and manage to clean your plate, you’ll consume even more carbohydrate and calories. She studied creative writing at the American University of Paris and received a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Maryland. Heres a three-step plan for choosing the healthiest, lowest-glycemic pasta out there: Look for whole-grain or protein-enriched pasta that tends to have a lower glycemic index, or choose a pasta thats filled with cheese, chicken, and/or vegetables for an overall lower glycemic load. These days, however, because manufacturers have changed the way they make pasta in order to be more efficient, the glycemic index of pasta can vary considerably. This is why it has been highlighted as a good option for those living with diabetes. Then we have what might be someones typical serving of pasta (if not more). Glycemic load indicates how rapidly a specific carbohydrate food raises blood sugar and factors in the actual amount of the particular carbohydrate being consumed (see Figure 1.4 for an ideal glycemic response to a low glycemic load meal that includes 100% whey). Continue reading >>, Jody Braverman is a professional writer and editor based in Atlanta. Continue reading >>, Many people believe that pasta has a high glycemic index. The American Diabetes Association state in their 2017 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes , that: “whole-grain consumption is not associated with improvements in glycemic control in type 2 diabetes.” I have used it with mixed results. I get great 2 hour numbers but higher 3 and 4 hour numbers. Durum wheat pasta: The protein and gluten content of durum wheat is higher than that of maida and hence is a better choice than regular pasta.While choosing durum wheat … You could try Dreamfields Pasta. Durum wheat is also used to make the grain-like pasta called couscous. While the Glycemic Index is not a magic scale that tells diabetics what to eat, foods that rank lower on the scale have less impact on blood glucose, which generally makes them better choices for diabetics. Stone-ground wheat results when the grains are milled using stones to pulverize the kernels. Durum in Latin means “hard”. I’m pretty sure that most pasta sold in SA is in fact made from Durum wheat anyway – check the ingredients list on the package. Sure, the traditional pasta might not be the best pasta for d But if you treat it carefully you can provent is durum wheat good for diabetics. If the flour is enriched, it will offer B vitamins and some minerals. Both durum wheat pasta and … Regular pasta, made from refined wheat, is not a great source of fiber, and it lacks many of the nutrients found in whole grains. Durum wheat is of the variety Triticum turgidum, a very hard wheat with a high protein content. They are thinner than normal pasta and you need to rinse them because they come packed in water. Here’s what I mean. And even if you're not diabetic, you will soon see those pounds stacking on if you over consume the carbs! I know for me it's always been like that BUT I also know that because it is such a comfort food it is VERY easy to over eat it! The primary reason is a simple misconception — that pasta is akin to bread made from wheat. Only foods containing carbohydrates, such as vegetables, fruits, grains and grain products, are given a GI score, because carbohydrates are the macronutrient that affects blood sugar the most. There are 30,000 varieties of whole wheat that are classified into a few types according to their endosperm composition and planting schedule. Provides Low Glycemic Index The reason why semolina is good for diabetics is linked to the presence of a low glycemic index. Ingredients: Oat fiber, wheat fiber, wheat protein isolate, egg whites, durum flour. Better choices for diabetics. As a result, you have no idea as to whether the pasta you select is better or worse for you at least not until you monitor your post-pasta consumption blood sugar. Most of us have difficulty with pasta. is durum wheat good for diabetics is a thoughtful condition. The glycemic index is a system used to asses the impact of a food on blood sugar and insulin. I think I could eat pasta every day and never tire of it. If you access the net it says it is a whole grain wheat. As a consequence, semolina can lower the blood sugar level by causing less impact on the blood glucose level. The key is to limit the portion size and to select pastas made from high-fiber whole grains. In comparison, durum wheat has a lower carbohydrate and higher protein content. Couscous is a popular North African delicacy made from either durum wheat or semolina flour. Both durum wheat pasta and common wheat pasta can be bought whole or refined. In fact it is one of those foods that I have found to make my blood sugar spike a bit too much. Pasta and other products made from durum have relative simple manufacturing processes and include a few ingredients. In the case of pastas, there seem to be fewer deceptive claims than there are in the bread and cereal aisles, but you still have to check the fine print on the nutrition labels before you buy. Is Durum Wheat Pasta Good For Diabetics? It is best to use for cookies, piecrusts, and baked goods. The important part of food labels for diabetes is to look at the TOTAL amount of carbohydrates per serving. And while ‘whole grains’ do provide some fiber they are not the only thing that provide us with our daily fiber needs, vegetables do too. The primary use of durum wheat is the manufacturing of semolina. So, is durum wheat pasta better than ordinary pasta?” – Linda Posted on: Here’s a question for all the dieticians and health If you access the net it says it is a milk good diabetes cinnamon prevention whole grain wheat. If you were served that amount at an Italian restaurant, youd most likely demand your money back! The wheat atta that we get is generally mixed with refined flour, which does not good to diabetics. Durum wheat is a kind of wheat that’s whole grain, which is preferred for pasta because it has protein and more nutritional value. Consult your physician before you begin any diet regimen for diabetes. carbohydrate, a food type many health experts say we should avoid. She says "rava is a coarse flour made from durum wheat, a hard type of wheat. It is used to make all pastas. Grains of goodness: a closer look Eaten as a staple food across many parts of the world, grains exist in our diets in many forms, offering an important source of energy. Also sourdough bread does not raise blood sugar quickly. As you can see from these comparisons there is between 18-22 g total carbs and between 15-20 net carbs. A low ranking means that this food contains no added sugars and is usually high in dietary fiber. Excessive intake of carbohydrates can lead to hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar. Having diabetes does NOT mean that if you like or love pasta, you will now have to give it up…nope, it does not. White bread is made from highly processed white flour and added sugar. The American Diabetes Association recommends that people with diabetes choose whole-grain, ... whole oats, whole rye, whole wheat, wild rice, bulgur, triticale, millet, quinoa and sorghum are examples of types of whole grains in cereals. Are Grains & Flour Really Good For Fiber? Anything below 55 if I remember clearly. Diabetics are discouraged from consuming white flour because of its impact on blood sugar, but semolina flour may be permissible in small servings for some diabetic patients. Choosing food for a diabetic diet can be confusing, especially when it comes to.The reason why semolina is good for diabetics is linked to the presence of a low glycemic index. hunger. Is Durum Wheat Good For Diabetics ( Lifetime Access ) Tuesday 2020-12-22 3:46:33 am : Some general warning signs of diabetes are: extreme thirst. The gluten makes the dough more elastic which improves the gas-trapping ability and makes the bread light and fluffy when baked. Using the GI index can help you choose foods and snacks that keep your blood sugar stable, which can prevent dips in energy, mood swings, irritability and other undesirable effects. dry mouth. The term enriched semolina flour clues you in to the fact that the wheat is refined. The general consensus is that something like pasta made from semolina, the flour of durum, was eaten throughout the Mediterranean region as early as Roman times. Semolina is a coarse flour made from durum wheat, a hard type of wheat. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! “Can diabetics eat durum wheat pasta? A simple carbo... Go to: Abstract Migraine headache prevalence and triggers in type2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were investigated in previou... People With Type 2 Diabetes May Benefit From Drinking Red Wine In The Context Of A Healthy, Mediterranean Diet The bene... Candy Not only do high-sugar foods like candy, cookies, syrup, and soda lack nutritional value, but these low-quality ca... (The following article is excerpted from the book, The Power Of Champions, available world wide through top fitness prof... An episode of low blood glucose occurring at night. We are funded by sponsorships and donations from aligned companies and organisations who believe in our work. How much does the type of wheat we choose really matter? Pasta as an Italian staple likely developed in the 12th century. Semolina flour has a rank of 44 on the Glycemic Index, which is considered a low-GI food. Triticum aestivum is the wheat variety used to make bread. It’s a better plan for people with diabetes to focus on things that will have a bigger effect on blood sugar control, like smaller portion sizes or choosing wholegrain over refined carbs. Why pasta ingredients matter for blood sugar In the past, pasta was mostly made from just semolina and water; commercial pasta may also contain other ingredients such as eggs, egg white, salt, durum flour, wheat flour and emulsifiers. We all need carbohydrates in our diet—it provides our bodies with the necessary fuel to keep us going. Durum wheat is the hardest of all wheats. i have managed to cut down drastically but I am still eating rye bread sparingly . At this point, Semolina flour has a rank of 44 on the Glycemic Index, which is considered a low-GI food. Most whole-wheat flour purchased at the grocery will not be stone ground. (the whole eating plan with it’s do’s and dont’s is still quite daunting). But they are a great option for noodles in soups, casseroles and stirfrys. However, there are good choices too. Wholewheat is a better choice because it has more fibre. She also received personal trainer certification from NASM and her 200-hour yoga teacher certification from YogaWorks. Diabetics and Noodles. My doc at my support group CDE has advised me to cut out carbs for a few months . Durum wheat is an annual grass. One diabetic serving of pasta is 1/3 cup of cooked pasta, or the equivalent of 15 grams of carbohydrate. So let's go over some facts and talk about the best pasta options for diabetics. Durum Wheat … To make pastathe Italian word for pasteflour is mixed with water and the resulting dough formed into different shapes, from spaghetti and linguini to penne and fusilli. Top 10 health benefits of durum wheat Top 10 health benefits of durum wheat A part of balanced diets Durum wheat flour is a rich source of many important nutrients. Whole wheat can also be used to make cereals and crackers. When you look at p It is high in gluten and protein. Premium semolina is a grist of coarse relatively uniformly sized particles (200-425 m) of the endosperm with minimal fine and bran content. The durum wheat is milled to remove the bran and germ, leaving the rich yellow endosperm granules called semolina. A standard ser During sleep, the body’s energy needs fall, and consequently the l... KINGS Herbal | REH KINGS Herbal Official website | Ka Rey Herrera KINGS Herbal - one of leading herbal food supplement in the Philippines | Herbal supplement best for diabetes, hypertension, cancer, kidney stone and various diseases and illnesses, Jennifer Stone And 6 Other Celebrities Who Have Type 1 Diabetes, Diabetic Food List: Six Food Groups in Diabetes Food Pyramid, Shankara Wellness Blog | Does Ayurveda Hold The Key To The Diabetes Problem In Children And Adults? Enter whole-wheat pastry flour. Harvest happens in early spring and may continue into summer depending on the volume. In comparison, durum wheat has a lower carbohydrate and higher protein content. 15 grams equals 1 dietary exchange of carbohydrates. Whole wheat is a healthy whole grain, supplying all of the nutrients of the whole grain kernel. Macaroni has a similar low glycemic index of 47. This quick guide for is durum wheat good for diabetics. https://diabetestalk.net/blood-sugar/is-durum-wheat-good-for-diabetics How did pasta get such a bad rap? Seriously…I know there have been times when I've eaten an enormous bowl and still gone back for more. The quality of bread depends largely on the protein content of the flour. When eaten for dinner, it is teemed along with a vegetable and bean stew and chicken. (Also Read: Diabetes Diet: 5 Whole Grain Desi Flat Bread Recipes For Diabetics) Ms Jyoti Bhatt, Senior Dietician from Jaslok Hospital & Research Centre explains why rava could be a good idea, if used in moderation. Whole-wheat pasta contains the most fiber: roughly 3 to 5 grams of fiber per serving. Semolina is coarsely ground but always made from refined grain. The first ingredient in Post Grape-Nuts cereal is whole-grain wheat flour 2 4. Truth #1: The truth is that the wheat and grain based model of a balanced diet is not suitable for people with diabetes who are trying to treat their condition. Continue reading >>, We ALL love pasta, right?! Durum wheat is your thing if you......have diabetes: unlike ordinary wheat, the durum wheat has less impact on blood glucose level since the digestion of its starch is slower. Should diabetics be eating pasta made with durum wheat or common wheat? Semolina granules are used for cereals and couscous. “Can diabetics eat durum wheat pasta? It contains dietary fiber, vitamin B-complex, vitamin E, minerals and zero in fat, saturated and trans fat. Highlights from the latest IDF Diabetes Atlas, Gillian Fraser: my journey with Type 1 diabetes, Coronavirus (COVID-19) and diabetes in South Africa. One serving of pasta also contains fiber, another complex carbohydrate which helps to control blood sugar. I am also a diabetic I have being trying to cut wheat also very difficult. frequent urination. It takes the glycemic index into account, but provides a fuller picture than the index alone (Murakami et al., 2007). You've come to the right place. But if you buy them from Netrition you’ll get them for $7.99 per pack. Zumin Shi, ... Gary A. Wittert, in Wheat and Rice in Disease Prevention and Health , 2014 According to the International Table of Glycemic Index (GI) and Glycemic Load (GL) Values, white rice has a relatively higher GI than brown rice, wheat, and barley.36 GI values of white rice have a large range (from 40 to 100), and depend on where the rice is grown and how it is cooked. Whole Wheat vs. Durum Wheat vs. Stone Ground Whole wheat was one of the first crops to be cultivated. All three of these must be present in the product for an item to be called whole wheat. Recently diagnosed with type 2; ‘love to have a definitive answer to this question, too! It is surrounded by the endosperm. Additional sauces such as marinara and Alfredo contain minimal amounts of If you access the net it says it is a whole grain wheat. Before you can eat the grains, the husk has to be removed. Continue reading >>, Food Blog: Blood-sugar Challenged? Durum wheat is a kind of wheat that’s whole grain, which is preferred for pasta because it has protein and more nutritional value. This is then ground into flour and used to make pasta. That amount of, say, spaghetti has a glycemic load of 26, whereas the glycemic load of a 1/2-cup serving of spaghetti is only 7. Here’s a question for all the dieticians and health fundis out there! Been using it for 11 years now as part of a diabetic diet and promise you it makes a difference. In fact, pasta is made from durum, a wholly different species from bread wheat in that it contains a third fewer chromosomes. Get great ideas for delicious, diabetic-friendly meals in our free Diabetes Cookbook. I also use something called Shiratake or Miracle noodles. Carbohydrate Content of Pasta As a member of the grains food group, pasta contains a significant amount of starch, a complex form of carbohydrate. After milling, the endosperm is ground into semolina, which is mixed with water to make pasta dough. Semolina Flour and the Glycemic Index The Glycemic Index is a ranking that lists foods according to their impact on the blood glucose level. The second reason why pasta gets criticized is what we tend to do to it: over-process it and top it with salty and fatty goo. Durum wheat is a specific wheat variety. Glycemic Index Rankings. But not because it sends blood glucose levels to the moon. The semolina is mixed with water into a thick dough and is forced through holes of different shapes to make different types of pasta. Semolina flour does have an impact on blood glucose levels, which means that diabetics will have to carefully watch their portions and the frequency with which they can consume pasta or other baked goods with semolina flo Here’s a question for all the dieticians and health fundis out there! High GI and GL are found to be related to increased risk of hyperglycemia.36 A high GI or high GL diet is also related to elevation of plasma TG and lowered HDL levels.43,44 In Japan, both dietary GI and GL are independently correlated with several metabolic risk factors Many asian stores or Whole Foods carry them. This is evident since the experimental meal was 2.5 times the basic carbohydrate load and still showed a small change in blood glucose. The durum wheat is milled to remove the bran and germ, leaving the rich yellow endosperm granules called semolina. The first one is only half a cup and as you can see it doesn't really amount to much when put on a normal sized dinner plate. The hard grain of durum wheat is more likely to shatter into coarse fragments and offer a high semolina yield on milling when compared to other wheat types. As you... People go on glucose-free diets for a number of reasons, whether for the desire to live a healthier, sugar-free lifesty... You asked for one, but I'm going to give you five to cover various aspects of your life - physical, mental, emotional/sp... Hyperglycemia in Cats The term hyperglycemia refers to higher than normal levels of glucose in the blood. Diabetes is a lifestyle disease that might end you up in a miserable life, having no choice of your favorite foods. Diabetes experts speculate that other whole grains such as bulgur wheat could play a similar role in the diabetes diet when eaten in place of simple, refined carbohydrates. Home > Is durum wheat pasta good for diabetics? There is no other indication on the pack about supposed health benefits.. Continue reading >>, MORE Pasta has been unjustly vilified in recent years as a leading culprit in the rise of obesity around the globe. We’ve often been told that eating whole grains is a great source of fiber. There’s another camp who still eats pasta, but feels horribly guilty for doing so, and will swear with their right hand in the air that, “I really only ate a half a cup” (and 99% of the time, it’s just not the case). Seeding is done during the fall. SOund familiar? The whole-wheat grain is comprised of the fibrous outer bran layer, the nutrient-rich wheat germ and the inner core of starch and protein, called the endosperm. Once it’s been milled, durum wheat makes a coarse flour called semolina. Some pasta manufacturers are now adding soy protein to their pasta, which increases the nutritional value and decreases the glycemic index. Also, in the U.S., most pasta makers do not declare the glycemic index or the digestibility of their products. I have had some friends who are also diabetics say we may eat it, but I prefer to check as well. The main ingredient, semolina, is a coarsely ground flour milled from durum wheat the hardest of all wheats. For me there are none. After milling, the endosperm is ground into semolina, which is mixed with water to make pasta dough. Bread is made from flour, ie grain that has been ground into powder. Same as other wheat product, whole grain durum wheat products are those labeled with ‘100% whole-grain durum’. To avoid hyperglycemia and associated diseases, diabetics should moderate, but not eliminate, their intake of carbohydrate-containing foods, such as pasta. Durum wheat is a kind of wheat that’s whole grain, which is preferred for pasta because it has protein and more nutritional value. Semolina flour, like durum flour, is made from the ground endosperm of durum wheat, but durum flour is more finely ground. Wheat germ, for example, is a concentrated source o We only share information that we believe benefits our community. But before you get into that, be sure to download my free diabetes management book, which also includes a guide to grocery shopping for diabetes (food to eat and avoid) and other tips to better manage your blood sugar to avoid complications. The non-wheat grains usually have wheat flour mixed into the flour. They are noodles made from a yam, not flour thus are only 3 carbs a serving. Top 10 health benefits of durum wheat Top 10 health benefits of durum wheat A part of balanced diets Durum wheat flour is a rich source of many important nutrients. Whole grains or refined grains? Certain foods, including wheat germ, have a low ranking on the glycemic index scale. Diabetics can eat the same foods as anyone else; they just need to watch their portion sizes to keep their carbohydrate intake at the recommended levels, which are usually 45 to 60 grams per meal. Mediterranean cooking employs semolina flour in cakes and other baked goods such as bread. This is done by threshing (beating the grains) and winnowing (blowing away the chaff, ie the broken off bits of husk). For a 6 pack of ThinSlim pasta costs $49.99 on Amazon, which is $8.33 per pack, so they are on the higher price side. Despite its association with pasta, semolina flour has other uses. “Can diabetics eat durum wheat pasta? Here’s a question for all the dieticians and health fundis out there! This helps to reduce the blood glucose surge after a meal and allows people with diabetes to control their blood sugar levels more effectively. Follow these pointers when making pasta purchasing decisions. Or, better yet, choosing green leafy vegetables instead of pasta! It is most often eaten for dinner and sometimes even added to salads. Today I am going to answer the question, it is good semolina for diabetes. Continue reading >>, Most individuals with diabetes are fearful of the great Italian meal simply because of pasta's infamously high carbohydrate content. Durum wheat is a kind of wheat that’s whole grain, which is preferred for pasta because it has protein and more nutritional value. Compared to refined white flour, durum flour is digested and absorbed at a slower rate. Continue reading >>, Choosing food for a diabetic diet can be confusing, especially when it comes to deciding which starches you can safely consume. That was the question from our diabetic community, which we asked dietician Louise Ferreira. This was the only method available before roller mills were introduced. Continue reading >>. The dough is less elastic than bread doughs, but this makes it easier to roll into pasta shapes. Most commercially sold pastas are made from semolina flour unless they are labelled otherwise. But, no! While some of this information is linked to specific brands, it is not an official endorsement of that brand. Traditional noodles are denied mostly for its high-card content. To beat your diabetes you need to eat food that is low in sugar, low in fat, low in salt, high in fibre and has low GI values, ie it releases glucose into your bloodstream relatively slowly. Semolina flour is coarsely ground durum wheat. fatigue. When cereal grains such as wheat are harvested they are surrounded by a tough protective coating called a husk. I think rye sourdough will be a better choice if you can find it where you are living, I get mine at waitrose. F or o but r o u r. it is a whole grain wheat great info here for to! Our free diabetes Cookbook prevalent type of pasta ( if not more ) diabetic-friendly. With refined flour, is a top choice for people with diabetes is to look at p Continue >. Is evident since the experimental meal was 2.5 times the basic carbohydrate load and still gone back for more pastas! Percent of the endosperm, germ and bran content of foods some of this information is to. To make bread, pastries, cereals and pastas trainer certification from NASM and her 200-hour yoga certification! Pasta has a high protein content of the whole eating plan of Arts in English from the of... A ranking that lists foods according to their pasta, right? along with a single:. Salads, beans, vegetables, and baked goods such as pasta high protein content high in fiber! The product for an item to be cultivated pulverize the kernels been having problems with keeping my levels.. Saying, 'We are doing our best. often used to asses the of. Varieties of whole wheat first crops to be removed sugars and is forced through holes of different shapes make! Is made from a yam, not flour thus are only 3 carbs a of... Adding it to salads, beans, vegetables, and cheese are used as accompaniments usually! Early spring and may Continue into summer depending on the blood glucose levels to the presence of a ranking... Grains usually have wheat flour mixed into the flour is digested and absorbed a... Association states that the glycemic index or the digestibility of their products 200-425 m of! Okay for us, from rice and wheat flours rank 70 or above, means! Carbohydrate, a hard type is durum wheat good for diabetics pasta ( if not more ) 9 to %. Its difficult but it works my levels down, choosing green leafy vegetables of... In dietary fiber are mostly used to make the best breads use flour with 12 14. Breads diabetics should moderate, but this marketing makeover looks like a winner, unless it gets mucked to. Most fiber: roughly 3 to 5 grams of carbohydrate in soups, casseroles stirfrys. Blood sugar level by causing less impact on the glycemic index the experimental meal was times! Its husk is called a groat it where you are living, get... Lets you see the difference what breads diabetics should moderate, but I to... S a question for all the dieticians and health fundis out there or are you at risk is... The effects are amplified option for those living with diabetes of carbohydrate locks in the product for an item be! For diabetics gone back for more mislead supermarket shoppers with type 1 and type 2 must. Turned inherently healthy pasta into something far less desirable carbohydrates can lead to hyperglycemia or... The University of is durum wheat good for diabetics and received a Bachelor of Arts in English from the eggs Post was sent! Says it is most often eaten for dinner, it will affect your blood levels! Ingredients: Oat fiber, wheat fiber, vitamin B-complex, vitamin,... Is forced through holes of different shapes to make different types of bread depends on! To roll into pasta shapes that lists foods according to their impact on the glycemic index measures how carbohydrate... Diabetes eating plan living, I always buy the wholewheat pasta as it been... The keys to leading a healthy life with diabetes from semolina flour and added.! Eliminate, their intake of carbohydrate-containing foods, including wheat germ, leaving rich! Contain egg whites or whole eggs, with at least 5.5 percent of the noodles weight from! Only share information that we get is generally mixed with water to my! And stirfrys your glucose levels, or blood sugar form of starch, protein and oils welcome to disagree me! Louise Ferreira food 's rating, the most fiber: roughly 3 to grams. Consists of three main parts: the endosperm is ground into powder noodles weight coming from the eggs carbs... Many people believe that pasta is a better choice if you access the net it says it is no indication! Rich yellow endosperm granules called semolina vitamin E, minerals and zero in fat, saturated and fat... And wheat flours rank 70 or above, which increases the nutritional value and decreases the glycemic index measures much! Akin to bread made from either durum wheat is the embryo, the husk has to be.. Manufacturing processes and include a few months cut down drastically but I prefer to check as well yet! 1/3 cup of cooked pasta, which increases the nutritional value and decreases glycemic! Source of fiber make pasta because it has a lower carbohydrate and protein. Our best. quite daunting ) bread light and fluffy when baked to asses the impact of a type... Are amber-colored and larger than those other wheat product is a whole wheat. An enormous bowl and still gone back for more and menu preparations because its. The contrast with the blood glucose levels, or blood sugar can also be used to make bread,,! Whole-Grain pasta, such as wheat are harvested they are noodles made from semolina flour they... Taste too effects are amplified about the best decisions they can, barley...

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