“The people know fully of the great differences on issues between the candidates.”. McGovern’s rise made many Democrats nervous. Républicain de fait durant les premières années de sa vie, McGovern commence a admiré le président dé… He'd cut Navy personnel by one fourth. The McGovern plan was a retooling of a previously failed plan he had proposed in 1970 that he called the Human Security Plan (HSP). Humphrey closed fast in May and early June, but the McGovern organization held on. By David S. Broder Washington Post Staff … The popular vote totals were Nixon 31,785,480, Humphrey 31,275,166, and George Wallace 9,906,473. Sources: Electoral and popular vote totals based on data from the Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives and, United States presidential election of 1972. In 1968, he and Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota did not debate on television, and it seemed unlikely that Mr. Nixon would help to pave the way for such debates this year. In the general election McGovern lost to incumbent Richard Nixon in one of the biggest landslides in U.S. electoral history. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Humphrey, who had worked 19-hour days in the state where he was supposed to be beloved as “our third senator,” finished third with 21 percent. He finished fourth in Pennsylvania, behind winner Humphrey, Wallace, and McGovern, and finished a distant second to McGovern in Massachusetts. "McGovern Defense," Nixon, 1972 (Drum Roll) MALE NARRATOR: The McGovern Defense Plan. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. In earning the nomination, Nixon became the first sitting vice president to run for president since John C. Breckinridge exactly a century prior. To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them. The attack ads against Nixon were delivered with a "crawl" of white text against a black background. McGovern had wanted to avoid negative ads, but he changed his mind late in the campaign in reaction to his poor standing in the polls. Initially, most political observers assumed that the party’s nominee would be Sen. Edmund Muskie of Maine. “We think were going to win the election, but we don't approach it in any spirit of arrogance.”. McGovern had wanted to avoid negative ads, but he changed his mind late in the campaign in reaction to his poor standing in the polls. Mayor John Lindsay of New York City, Rep. Shirley Chisholm of New York, former senator Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota, and Senator McGovern, all liberal candidates, spoke in favour of busing when asked. “That suspicion can be reduced and confidence restored by voters seeing and judging the candidates as they meet face to face in a series of nationally televised debates.”. The 1972 United States presidential election was the 47th quadrennial presidential election. Maryland’s voters surged out on election day to give Wallace a huge victory, his last of 1972. If Nixon had failed to reduce casualties in Vietnam, the same factors that lead to Humphrey's defeat could have put McGovern over the top. One source close to the campaign said that he was happy with the Nixon — Agnew ticket because Mr. Agnew was a known factor, while John B. Connally of Texas, former Secretary of the Treasury, was more articulate and more respected by conservative Democrats. George McGovern got 17 electoral votes. Nixon stood no chance of election. “I'd rather run against Connally,” he added. Senator Humphrey was second, with 18 percent, and got the few remaining delegates. “Much of the public is now suspicious of politics and Polticians and the conduct of the Presidency and of both the Republicans and Democrats in recent years and of the media which covers public affairs,” he said. Nixon won reelection by a historic margin, carrying 49 states and 61 percent of the popular vote—including one-third of Democrats. Later, when Nixon ran for the presidency again in 1968, he outright refused to debate Democratic nominee Hubert Humphrey, then declined a debate in 1972 against Democrat George McGovern. Senator Jackson received 13 percent, just enough to convince him not to withdraw from the race. 9 / 30. National Archives // Getty Images. Oliver Stone's Nixon was not a film that I was eager to see. Senator George McGovern of South Dakota. As predicted, it was a close election, … He was even more successful in the nonprimary states, where his devoted followers made certain that delegate-selection caucuses voted his way. In a three‐way race, including Gov. In the past, this has frequently been a stumbling block to arranging similar confrontations. Humphrey decided to focus his attention and waning resources on Pennsylvania’s primary. Surprisingly, Wallace finished second with 22 percent, buttressed by the fact that some one-third of the state’s Republican voters crossed party lines to vote for him. The phrase “New Frontier” is associated with which U.S. president? Reubin Askew campaigned statewide against having an antibusing referendum placed on the presidential primary ballot by the Florida legislature. Although the McGovern camp has hurled the debate ch'allenge time after time, Mr. Nixon's campaign strategists have let it be known that they have no intention of accepting it. Corrections? Senator McGovern's request that Congress suspend the equal‐time rule of the Federal Communications Act was prompted by the generally acknowledged awkwardness of including the candidates of every minor party in such a televised debate. Test your knowledge of U.S. presidents and first ladies with this in-depth quiz. At his news conference, Senator McGovern said that if Congress did not take action on changing the equal‐time requirement, he would urge Mr. Nixon to join with him in buying commercial time on television for the debates. Stone is a brilliant and creative artist, and Nixon has long fascinated, sometimes appalled, and sometimes impressed me as a politician. It almost worked. It urged early action by the House to suspend the equaltime requirements of the Federal Communications Act to permit the candidates of the two major parties to meet alone on television. John Hospers got one electoral vote by a Virginia faithless elector.. The McGovern plan was a retooling of a previously failed plan he had proposed in 1970 that he called the Human Security Plan (HSP). Later, when Nixon ran for the presidency again in 1968, he outright refused to debate Democratic nominee Hubert Humphrey, then declined a debate in 1972 against Democrat George McGovern. Both Connally and Agnew use somewhat the same approach.”. On February 26, in New Hampshire, the pressure began to tell. Muskie ran an exhausting campaign that stretched his energies and resources thin. Nixon resigned rather than face removal over the dirty tricks of the Republican campaign in 1972,..the first of many compromised elections in this country resulting in the Republican Party seizing power when voters choose a Democratic candidate to lead America. WASHINGTON, Oct. 18—Recalling President Nixon's earlier enthusiasm for debates by Presidential candidates, Senator George McGovern offered today to pay for national television time for a … In attempting to set up faceto‐face confrontations with the President on television, Senator McGovern obviously was hoping to benegit from the contrast that he has been confident that he can present to the American people. McGovern’s year-old campaign organization paid off, as he finished first with 30 percent of the popular vote. Analysis of the results indicated that blacks were not turning out for McGovern in the same force they did for Mr Humphrey in 1968. A spokesman for Senator Thomas F. Eagleton, the Democratic Vice‐Presidential nominee, said that the Missouri Senator would have no comment on Mr. Nixon's announcement. George Stanley McGovern (né le 19 juillet 1922 à Avon au Dakota du Sud et mort le 21 octobre 2012 à Sioux Falls) est un historien, auteur, et homme politique américain. Asked if he had any preference as to whether Mr. Agnew or Mr. Connally was on the ticket, Senator McGovern said: “I don't think it makes a lot of difference. Richard Nixon was elected to a second term, defeating Democrat George McGovern in one of the largest landslides in U.S. history. In 1968, he and Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota did not debate on television, and it seemed unlikely that Mr. Nixon would help to pave the way for such debates this year. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. American presidential election, 1972 Results of the American presidential election, 1972. United States presidential election of 1972, American presidential election held on November 7, 1972, in which Republican Pres. For many, unfairly or not, McGovern came to symbolize a candidacy of radical children, rioters, marijuana smokers, draft dodgers, and hippies. Where Nixon proposed $1,600 for a family of four with a 50% clawback, McGovern proposed $4,000, which in today’s dollars would be $25,000, with a 33% clawback. In his telegram to Mr. Albert, Senator McGovern urged President Nixon to “join with me in this request and to use his extensive influence on Capitol Hill to help assure that the debates can take place.”. In an impromptu news conference on the way to today's staff meeting, Senator McGovern said: “It means we have the same team again we had in 1968. Nixon was no match for McGovern. Most political historians agree that the series of debates between Mr. Nixon and John F. Kennedy in 1960 probably cost Mr. Nixon the Presidency. See the article in its original context from. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Nixon and his republican party outspent McGovern and his democratic party on the election 3 to 1. As the race grew more intense, political observers began to doubt that, with 11 names on the Democratic ballot, anyone could win a clear victory. McGovern, who had written off Florida early, finished with 6 percent. Nixon probably won 18-year-olds quite handily, and to a lesser extent, 19-year-olds. Omissions? He excoriated his old Senate friend for his expensive ideas on welfare and his desire to cut the defense budget. For his part, Nixon chose not to debate Hubert Humphrey (1968) and George McGovern (1972). Sen McGovern says he hopes Nixon Adm's hopes of an imminent cease-fire are well-founded, speech on Oct 26 in Iowa City, Iowa; holds that opponents of Vietnam war deserve 'much of … Wallace survived, but he was paralyzed from the waist down. As he spoke of Loeb’s unflattering remarks about Mrs. Muskie, the senator’s voice cracked, and the crowd saw tears form in his eyes. “We are approaching one of the great watershed elections in United States history,” Mr. McGovern added, “with the public to decide whether the nation is at last going to turn down excessive military spending and come to grips with basic tax reform, the welfare mess and a number of other problems long overdue to be acted on. He would cut interceptor planes by one half, the Navy fleet by one half, and carriers from sixteen to six. Their plan called next for intensive work in Massachusetts, considered the most liberal state in the country, where they could expect courtesy if not outright public support from Sen. Ted Kennedy. https://www.britannica.com/event/United-States-presidential-election-of-1972, Maps of World - U.S. Presidential Election 1972, History Central - United States Presidential Election of 1972, Communist Party of the United States of America, Presidency of the United States of America. By Douglas E. Kneeland Special to The New York Times. The 1972 United States presidential election was the 47th quadrennial presidential election.It was held on Tuesday, November 7, 1972. Mr. McGovern also returned yesterday, as his wife did Sun day on the National Broadcast ing Company's television pro gram “Meet the Press,” to … In January 1971 McGovern announced his candidacy for the 1972 presidential election. With busing receding from importance, property tax became central, particularly for the Wallace and McGovern campaigns. There was no immediate comment from Mr. Albert's office, and the White House referred questioners to the Washingtonbased Committee for the Reelection of the President. While he recuperated, many of his supporters began to move in overwhelming proportions behind Nixon’s candidacy. Only Wallace and Sen. Henry M. Jackson of Washington spoke out squarely against busing. However, Frank Mankiewicz, national coordinator of the McGovern campaign, said that Mr. Agnew “would be tough to run against, because he is a popular fellow.”. In January 1972 a U.S. District Court judge merged school districts in Richmond, Va., and ordered that students be bused to achieve racial balance. He would cut the Marines by one third, the Air Force by one third. Assuming Rand was correct about noncollege young voters, McGovern and Nixon split the 20-24 year old vote about evenly, with slightly more going to McGovern to give him an 0.6 point edge among 18-24 year olds. Occasionally the digitization process introduces transcription errors or other problems; we are continuing to work to improve these archived versions. The ads succeeded in portraying McGovern as compassionate, but they did not make him look presidential. In the primaries that followed, McGovern continued to build up a lead in convention delegates. If the polls are correct, it seems evident that Senator McGovern needs more national exposure vis‐à‐vis the President if Mr. Nixon is to be the “fundamental issue.” In his news conference today, Senator McGovern acknowledged that it was going to be “an uphill fight.”, “We read the polls, we know the power of the Presidency, we know the money they've raised,” he said. We'll have pretty much the same kind of tactics the Vice President is so famous for. Muskie, with 9 percent, lost his front-runner status. 1970: Nixon overrides repeal of the equal-time rule in elections. In the judgment of most neutral observers, the results were mixed with neither man gaining great advantage from them. Prominent national Democrats found themselves in some cases unable to find a spot on their own states’ delegations. Results of the American presidential election, 1972. Incumbent Republican President Richard Nixon from California defeated Democratic U.S. But that success overrode the much more basic process that was taking place: the Democratic Party was tearing itself apart. The spectacle badly dented the image Muskie had tried all year to present—that of a calm, trustworthy, serene candidate. The 1972 presidential debates, of course – Nixon, who was by then the incumbent, trading verbal body slams with his Democratic challenger, George McGovern, against the … “The Nixon Administration's position on a broad range of key issues is clearly defined, well understood and broadly supported by American citizens,’ he said. 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