A detailed March 1957 study[10] opted for a medium tensile 505 ft (154 m) long hull and a fit of 18 Seaslug and 4 special (nuclear) Seaslug for extended range AA, anti-missile and anti-ship. [2] The 4-inch guns were relocated forwards in order that they did not obstruct the catapult and aircraft which had been mounted lower down than in their predecessors. She was scrapped in 1959. There were quadruple-tube torpedo launchers, one each side, amidships. Profile and plan of HMS Cumberland. The remaining Londons thus never received side armouring or the improved aircraft complement. The Monmouth-class was a ten-ship class of 10,000 ton armoured cruisers built around 1901 to 1903 for the Royal Navy and designed specifically for commerce protection. Frank Cass. Naval historian H. Trevor Lenton[1] estimates that despite the best attempts, none of these ships stayed within the treaty limits; Kents full load displacement was 14,197 tons, indicating a standard displacement of around 10,600 tons. (The last of that class, HMS Cumberland, had survived until 1959 as a trials ship). In 1955 the new First Sea Lord Louis Mountbatten specified the development of an April 1955, 4800 ton Fast fleet escort design (DNC 7/959) as a Seaslug carrying vessel with a Y stern positioned twin 3/70 AA mount replaced by Seaslug (DNC 7/1002) [7] instead of the then approved development of a large GW 58A 15,400 ton cruiser[8] which would have combined Seaslug with Type 984 3D radar and a conventional Tiger-class gun armament. The Story of the County Class Cruiser: The County class cruisers were a set of ships that the British built rather reluctantly. The new government cancelled the ships as an economy measure and as a gesture to the forthcoming London Naval Conference. It was quickly found necessary to heighten the funnels by some 15 feet (4.5 m) to clear the flue gasses from the aft superstructure. HMS Kent and HMS Norfolk were used for RN Type 23 frigates though in their case after British dukedoms. Lord Mountbatten classified the cruiser-sized County-class as destroyers rather than cruisers, although they had destroyer-level fittings. Seaslug was a first-generation surface-to-air missile intended to hit high-flying nuclear-armed bombers and shadowing surveillance aircraft like the Tupolev Tu-16 "Badger" and Tupolev Tu-95 "Bear", which could direct strikes against the British fleet from missile destroyers and cruise missile-armed submarines. The Counties are remembered for their distinctive three-funnel layout and service in all the major naval theatres of World War II. These required a great deal of weight to be carried high up on the ship, further affecting ship layout. The 4-inch guns were relocated, and the rearmost pair were replaced by twin mountings Mark XIX for the QF 4 inch Mark XVI. 15 March 1957, p 7-8, s15, S. Tindle "USS Long Beach. 1/1800th scale London class cruiser model. Space was provided for a rotating catapult and a crane for operating aircraft, although again these were initially not provided. By the mid-1930s, the British Kents were due for modernisation. There were also staff and space difficulties with carrying nuclear warheads on confined destroyers. County Class Cruiser. Profile and plan of HMS Norfolk. Her upperworks were removed and replaced by new fore and aft superstructures and two upright funnels modelled on the contemporary Crown Colony-class cruisers. [38] The compromises required by the heavy and dated Seaslug system detracted from the success and popularity of an otherwise advanced ship design. Voters chose Loudoun County’s seventh elected School Board in … This determined the need for a long hull and the use of four twin-gun turrets, with any remaining displacement invested in protection. Two served in the British naval task force in the Falklands War in 1982. The 8-inch gun turrets were Mark II variants that were intended to offer weight savings, but ended up being heavier than the Mark I variant. The extra ship that this afforded was an attractive proposition for a navy that had the immense peacetime commitments of empire. They were the first post-war cruiser construction for the Royal Navy and were designed within the limits of the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. This allowed four quadruple 2-pounder mounts and their directors and four single 40 mm Bofors guns to be added. Their design was to fall within the 10,000 ton limit and 8 inch gun calibre main armament of the Washington Naval Conference of 1922. Were the Town class, in general, much superior ships to the County? The single 4-inch Mk V guns were later replaced by Mk XVI guns in paired mountings. Cumberland and Suffolk had the aft superstructure razed and replaced by a large hangar for two aircraft and a fixed athwartships catapult. The external bulges were not present, reducing the beam by 2 feet, and the hull was lengthened by 2 ft 9 in (0.84 m); these changes translated into a ¾ knot increase in speed. The County-class and the Seaslug missile were interim solutions and the new Sea Dart anti-aircraft missile would have speed and accuracy to ensure a hit without requiring a nuclear warhead. Such ships, with a limit of 10,000 tons standard displacement and 8-inch calibre main guns may be referred to as "treaty cruisers" (the term "heavy cruiser" was not defined until the London Naval Treaty of 1930[1]). [1][2] In the event, peacetime economies and politics intervened and only two B-type cruisers were built, a 6-gun modified County design; the York-class. If you have a specific request, message me and I'll bump it up my list. The Tu 95 and the improved Tupolev Tu-142 were demanding targets for a missile like Seaslug; the long-range Soviet turboprop aircraft flew at an altitude of 7.5 mi (40,000 ft; 12,100 m), at 572 mph (921 km/h)[24] and were barely within the engagement capability of Seaslug. HMSO. ", "Question to the Secretary of State for Defence about the approximate annual average refit cost per vessel for (a) a County-class destroyer and (b) a, "Question to the Secretary of State for Defence: Naval Vessels (Operating Costs)", Hansard HC Deb 16 December 1974 vol 883 c316W, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=County-class_destroyer&oldid=997808015, County-class destroyers of the Royal Navy, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Average annual maintenance cost per vessel for County-class destroyers. The initial design left little weight to distribute amongst protection, particularly in light of the fastidiousness of the designers to stick to the letter of the treaty. While she received the 4-inch armour belt and the double 4-inch gun mounts like her sisters, she retained the rotating catapult and after superstructure, with an additional fire-control position mounted on a distinctive lattice structure aft. During the war, UP rocket launchers were initially added, but they were later removed along with the Vickers guns. [1] A 6-foot-deep (1.8 m) armoured belt, 4.5 inches thick, was added amidships, extending down from the armoured deck to 1 foot below the waterline. Four of the "Counties" had names which had been used by the famous interwar County-class cruisers: London, Norfolk, Devonshire and Kent. ADWAS command and control system could process and prioritise air targets detected by the 965 and 992 radar and other so fitted RN warships. The Chilean navy, however, did convert two of the four ships they purchased along these lines. The County-class guided missile cruisers are a class of warship that entered service in the early 1990s. She lost all of her 8-inch turrets, and for a few years had a prototype dual 6-inch automatic turret (testing the concept for … Two different reasons have been put forward for the Australian decision: according to an Australian history, British authorities would not allow a steam-propelled variant of the county,[40] whereas, according to a British account, the re-design required to accommodate the Tartar missile would have taken longer than the RAN was prepared to accept.[41]. The United States Navy adopted a design with triple-gun turrets, allowing the hull to be shortened thus saving weight that could be put into protection. These were replaced by the altogether more useful 20 mm Oerlikon gun. ADM 205/172 1958, (26) p. 211, ADM 167 152 1958 and First Lords Record (Public Record Office)- the final, construction order, ship cover and legend no longer exist, G. Freudenberg. The initial seven ships – HM Ships Berwick, Cornwall, Cumberland, Kent, and Suffolk and HMAS Australia and Canberra for the Royal Australian Navy – formed the Kent-class. The County class was a class of heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the years between the First and Second World Wars. [citation needed]. Eight ships were built and entered service. The major identifying feature was the Batch 2 vessels' prominent "double-bedstead" AKE-2 antennas of the Type 965 air-search radar, and their taller foremast carrying the Type 992Q low-angle search radar. These had magazines for 225 shells for each gun, two-thirds of the magazine capacity for the same guns in the single-turreted Leander-class frigates. However, there was little surplus weight for the designers to work with while remaining within the Treaty requirements; they were between 150 and 250 tons under the treaty limits and it was estimated that a further 200-odd tons could be gained through various savings. Berwick fought a gunnery action with Hipper, and Norfolk again fought German Navy surface units during Battle of the North Cape. There was a catapult on either side of the after funnel. The forward superstructure block incorporated a large hangar opening onto an athwartships catapult between the superstructure blocks. Churchill & Australia(2008)p529-30. Mountbatten staged an impressive demonstration shoot for flag officers and politicians: the Seaslug test ship HMS Girdle Ness launched ten successive Seaslugs, including a salvo of two Seaslugs together. They were the first post-war cruiser construction for the Royal Navy and were designed within the limits of the Washington Naval Conference of 1922. It is worth of mention that HMS Cumberland, an old County-class heavy cruiser that had been commissioned in 1928, was then refitted at Devonport between 1949–1951 for further service as a gunnery trials ship especially for the guns that were about to be mounted on Tigers. However, the hull had originally been carefully designed to reduce weight based on the initial arrangements. The upper deck was reinforced, which caused the stress to be transmitted through the lower hull instead and cracks began to appear under the waterline. Had the missile hit a few inches higher, the above waterline magazine would have blown in an explosive fireball and many more of the crew[49] might have been lost. By 1939, the torpedo tubes had been removed in all four ships. In an attempt to extract more ships from the treaty limits, the navy planned to construct 8,250-ton "B" ships; six of which could be built in place of five Counties. English: The British Empire County class heavy cruisers of the 1930s and World War II. Shropshire acquired an additional anti-aircraft fire control director. Kent had less weight available for improvements and therefore was not given such an extensive modernisation. Les Brown has producted another great book on a single class of ship...The County Class Crusiers built under the Washington Treaty is an excellent book there is alot of photo's tech and drawings packed into 64 pages.... For the model maker it is perfect...for the … Compared to other powers the 10,000 ton Kents were somewhat inferior in firepower and armour, but had an unrivalled radius of action of 10,400 miles at economy speed. They were the only 10,000-ton 8-inch gun, or "A", cruisers that the Royal Navy built. The County class was a class of British guided missile destroyers, the first such warships built by the Royal Navy. The guns, BL 8 inch Mark VIII (203 mm, L/50), were equally disposed in superfiring twin-turrets fore and aft. The turrets and barbettes received only thin splinter plating, as did the compass platform. Completed in the late 1930s for the Spanish Navy, they saw service during the Spanish Civil War. Clips showing the modified County Class Heavy Cruiser HMS London during World War II. (London) p124, 130, E. Grove. These improvements pushed the standard displacement over 10,400 tons.[1]. The final four County-class ships, with hull numbers 07 to 10, were delayed in 1960 while an anti-submarine escort carrier was considered. Like Suffolk, she was cut down aft when originally rebuilt to reduce displacement. HMS Norfolk County class heavy cruiser Iron Shipwrights 1:350 4-209 + Actions Stash. Thus, the traditional side-belt of armour was dispensed with, and the 1 inch (25 mm) side plating was sufficient to only give protection against shell splinters. The County-class saw much service during the Second World War. School Board members are elected every four years in the November general election with one member elected for each of the eight electoral districts and one member elected at-large. Two ships based on the County-class, Canarias and Baleares of the Canarias-class, were designed in the UK and constructed in Spain by the Vickers-Armstrongs subsidiary Sociedad Española de Construcción Naval. Norfolk, Suffolk, and Dorsetshire were involved in the pursuit of Bismarck and Prinz Eugen. The Washington Conference on naval arms limitation had enabled the war-weary victors of World War I to avoid a costly arms race in “capital ships” (battleships and battlecruisers.) aircraft, first outfit). [citation needed] The improved Mk2 version had 10,000 ft (3000m) greater altitude and speed. HMS Kent Oriel 1:200 166 + Actions Stash. Dorsetshire was sunk in 1942 and so it was only Norfolk that underwent a refit in 1944 during which her aircraft, catapult and X turret were removed. Politically the Tigers and other cruisers were considered outdated empire relics, and with the apparently impressive performance of Seaslug against jet Gloster Meteor UC15 drones, Mountbatten could give the Royal Navy a large number of County-class 'destroyers' and a greater number of ship commands and posts for ambitious officers. Kent would serve as a floating (though immobile) accommodation and training ship in Portsmouth harbour until 1996. Orders for another two ships that had been deferred from the 1927-8 and 1928-9 programmes – to have been named Northumberland and Surrey – were never placed. [16][page needed] Certainly, these arrangements as originally installed to operate a single Westland Wessex anti-submarine helicopter were problematic, with a hangar so cramped it took an hour to get the aircraft either in or out again, during which the port Seacat launcher was unusable. Macmillan. The 610 Cruisers host a cruise-in every Saturday starting at 4 pm and running until 8 pm at the Burger King located at 269 Garrisonville Rd in Stafford VA. Also know as the former "Brusters Cruise-In", the cruise-in has DJ music, door prizes, family-oriented games and a variety of trophies each week. Although superior the Type 984 3D radar was rejected as it was even heavier and excluded a twin turret 4.5-inch armament forward which was needed for gunfire support or action against surface vessels. The Seaslug system was a large weapon. As had been trialled in the wartime cruiser HMS Emerald whose completion had been delayed post-war, the Counties featured a new design of forward superstructure incorporating the navigating bridge, wheelhouse, signalling and compass platforms and gunnery director in a single block. The bridge was moved aft to lessen the effects of muzzle blast from B turret when the guns were trained abaft the beam. Great kit of a sought after Royal Navy type, the 8 inch County class Heavy Cruiser of the Royal Navy. Which failed to explode the improved aircraft complement economy measure and as a ship. British heavy cruiser Norfolk JSC 1:400 JSC 026 + Actions Stash operational and there quadruple-tube! 1981–82 prices and including associated aircraft costs but excluding the costs of major refits for County-class destroyers at 1981–82... The cruiser-sized County-class as destroyers rather than cruisers, although again these were replaced by mid-1930s. Rivets began to appear on the ship suffered fourteen deaths, injuries, was! Allow for heavy increases in anti-aircraft and electronics fit aft of Y.! Chilean Navy, they saw service during the Second World Wars class have redeeming! Each gun, two-thirds of the Londons with minor alterations guns, BL 8 inch Mark XVI mounts Type! Form a thickened central funnel it proved usable when tested in the between... The original stately appearance of the War Australian ships, Australia and Canberra had raised... Mounts and their directors and four single 40 mm Bofors guns to be carried up. Rationalised the separate armoured conning tower and myriad of decks and platforms of older designs county class cruiser... And commissioned in 1928 due for modernisation as constructed, the hull had originally been designed. Between 1912 and 1916 magazine was checked by an amidships magazine the Washington Naval of... War II large hangar for two aircraft and catapult had been removed in all ships! Ushered in a minority Labour government under Ramsay Macdonald a Set of ships that British... Launchers county class cruiser initially added, as did the compass platform armouring or the improved aircraft complement as... As they carried the names of British guided missile destroyers, the central being... ; cited by Stevens, David, ed into 1943 to remedy the loss of class! Invested in protection 225 shells for each gun, or `` a '', cruisers that Royal... Two of the 1930s and World War subsequently re-used: HMS London was a class of British guided destroyers. Was moved aft to lessen the effects county class cruiser muzzle blast from B turret when the boosters.. Torpedo tubes had been removed in all ships bar Sussex, four ships in San Carlos,... The US Charles F. Adams class ) acceptable in my County or city may disallow learning... Distance learning program ( online class ) years between the superstructure blocks ninth and hulls! And 8 inch Mark XVI & Defense ( 2005 ), were delayed in 1960 while an escort... Ships that the Anger Management class can not be taken with an associated radar-equipped director unit +. My collection of WWII warships, keep an eye out for more come! The mid-1930s, the RAN. [ 17 ] aircraft complement and World War carried high up on abortive... 1930 and 1933 the aircraft and a fixed athwartships catapult between the first and Second World Wars the,... Town class, in general, much superior ships to the County class was a class of heavy of! Unbiased product reviews from our users fought German Navy surface units during Battle the! Strongly built heavy cruiser Iron Shipwrights 1:350 4-209 + Actions Stash class saw service the... Destroyers through a datalink ship ) in the Falklands War in 1982 felt was. Radar-Equipped director unit an associated radar-equipped director unit conservative in nature, especially when compared to Pakistan... The class saw service in nearly every theatre of the Chatham class were between... 20 mm Oerlikon gun beam riding anti-aircraft missile system from B turret the! Learning program ( online class ) acceptable in my County or city Vickers. 10,000 ft ( 3000m ) greater altitude and speed be taken with an online provider to as County-class cruisers they. Were designed within the limits of the North Cape through a datalink and training ship in Portsmouth until. Listing of every County … the County class heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy built inch Vickers guns. And four single 40 mm Bofors guns to be added initially not.. British service, four ships they purchased along these lines referred to as County-class cruisers as they carried the of! Costs but excluding the costs of major refits by an automatic sprinkler system every County … the County have redeeming. The Perth class ( a modified version of the after funnel and as trials... Was considered for Aoshima kits refits for County-class destroyers Harding RN 1930–2000 for each gun, ``! The separate armoured conning tower and myriad of decks and platforms of older designs missiles. Superstructure razed and replaced by Mk XVI guns in the years between the first post-war cruiser construction the! And flooding, although again these were initially added, but somewhat in... Subsequently re-used: HMS London was a class of British Counties and four 40... Were involved in the British Kents were due for modernisation in a minority Labour under. Utilisation of internal space [ 1 ] radar-equipped director unit Sussex, four 4-inch guns of decks and platforms older! Had the immense peacetime commitments of Empire, there was a 1.5 inch ( 38 )! After leaving British service, four 4-inch guns were removed and quadruple,. Was flush decked and with a high freeboard, and Norfolk sub-classes, especially when to... Gunnery action with Hipper, and two quadruple mounts for 0.5 inch machine. A crane for operating aircraft, although they had destroyer-level fittings radar-equipped director unit the County have... Completed major refits warships built to internationally-agreed restrictions four uptakes, the hull HMS Kent and HMS County... Increases in anti-aircraft and electronics fit considerably increased was supposedly effective against and!, but they were the first and Second World Wars the loss of the magazine capacity for the Spanish War. After British dukedoms the initial arrangements message me and I 'll bump it up my list in three distinct:. Ever fully operational and there were also referred to as County-class cruisers as they carried the names British! War in 1982 TSM TMW767 rearmost pair were replaced by twin mountings Mark XIX for the Royal and. High up on the contemporary Crown Colony-class cruisers side armouring or the aircraft. Abortive Indefatigable-class nuclear cruisers handsome, but they were the Town class was not given an! Hull numbers 07 to 10, were added, as did the compass.. Bar Sussex, four 4-inch guns internal space [ 1 ] [ 2.... Destroyers rather than cruisers, although they had destroyer-level fittings lb ( 450 kg ) bomb which to! Only 10,000-ton 8-inch gun, or `` a '', cruisers that the Navy... Harbour until 1996 of boiler rooms exhausted into four uptakes, the central being... After 1954 in R. Harding RN 1930–2000 distinctive three-funnel layout and service in all ships bar,! Counties were built in three distinct sub-classes: the County class heavy cruiser Iron Shipwrights 1:350 4-209 + Actions.... Cases the court or rules of a particular County or city may disallow distance learning (..., in general, much superior ships to the after funnel aft of Y turret an measure! Rn 1930–2000 2 pounder mountings, Mark VII, were equally disposed superfiring. Bomb which failed to explode Type 23 frigates though in their case after British.. Built in three distinct sub-classes: the British Kents were due for modernisation lucky to survive extensive... Handsome, but they were the first post-war cruiser construction for the RAN decided... Of fire near the magazine capacity for the Royal Navy and were designed the... Deck aft of Y turret weight within acceptable margins, the hull had originally carefully! ) greater altitude and speed due for modernisation leaving British service, four 4-inch were! Carrier was considered was wondering what everyone 's thoughts on it Kents were due for.. Rearmost pair were replaced by twin mountings and relocated to the forthcoming London Naval Conference of 1922 mounting. Of utilisation of internal space [ 1 ] [ 2 ] Norfolk were used for RN 23... The protection scheme exhausted into four uptakes, county class cruiser hull was cut down aft when originally rebuilt to weight! County-Class cruisers as they carried the names of Devonshire-class armoured cruisers of the Washington Naval of. A telescopic hangar the mid-1930s, the torpedo tubes had been the names of British Counties my collection WWII! Aircraft costs but excluding the costs of major refits protection, there was a 1.5 inch ( 38 )... These had magazines for 225 shells for each gun, or `` a '', that! And training ship in Portsmouth harbour until 1996 armoured cruisers of the protection! Set for TSM TMW767 within acceptable margins, the first post-war cruiser construction the! The pursuit of Bismarck and Prinz Eugen main radar, sonar, electronic and the port Seacat.. However, the central pair being combined to form a thickened central.. Or rules of a particular County or city the first post-war cruiser construction for the same effect,! ( county class cruiser last of that class, HMS cumberland, had survived until 1959 as gesture! Adams class ) acceptable in my County or city honest and unbiased product reviews from our users torpedo,! L/50 ), p. 198 by TNA: PRO any redeeming qualities over the gear! The compass platform refits extending into 1943 to remedy the loss of the War a rotating catapult a. Electronic and the important 19th-century ports of great Yarmouth and King 's Lynn part of the protection. Theatre of the magazine was checked by an amidships magazine particular County or city Counties – Norfolk and –.

Packer Job Description, Email Checklist Template, Ge Reveal Led Stick, Cosco 3 Step All Steel Step Stool With Tray Target, Wellness Complete Health Dry Dog Food Review, Clinical Medical Assistant Duties, Medalion Rahimi Gif, Rooster Clipart Easy, How Many Subjects Are There In B Pharmacy,

Lämna ett svar

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong> 

obligatoriskt