APHIS. MEDITERRANEAN FRUIT CROPS The current situation of nine temperate Mediterranean fruits and nuts in the world, will be discussed in descending order of economic importance. In 1998, the fly was first discovered in the Los Angeles area and was found to be distributed from Santa Barbara to San Diego shortly thereafter. It is native to sub-Saharan Africa and has established in most regions of the world, but those regions that do not yet have it, East Asia and mainland USA in particular, regulate this pest in the strictest terms in order to deter its colonization andestablishment. Asian giant hornet research and eradication efforts: $944,116 in Washington and other states; Exotic fruit fly survey and detection: $5,575,000 in Florida and California; Agriculture detector dog teams: $4,287,097 to programs in California, Florida, and nationally to support detector dog teams; Honey bee and pollinator health: $1,337,819 to protect honey bees, bumble bees and other important pollinators from harmful pests; Phytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death pathogen) and related species: $513,497 in 14 states and nationally for survey, diagnostics, mitigation, probability modeling, genetic analysis, and outreach; Silva, J.G., M.D. However, the isolates failed to grow, germinate, or sporulate above 35 ˚C or below economic fruit flies, because, in its native areas it usually occurs in mixed assemblages of more aggressive competitors, such as oriental fruit fly and peach fruit fly. Mediterranean fruit fly pest free areas (PFAs) in Chiapas, Tabasco, Guatemala and Belize, as well as the location of the current containment barrier, infestation fronts and leading edge of the infestation within Guatemala. See what states have a federal quarantine for any of the targeted Hungry Pests, and identify which pests or diseases are at greatest risk due to a suitable habitat. ... Mediterranean Fruit Fly Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) ‘Medfly’ is considered the most serious of the world’s fruit fly pests. National Invasive Species Information Center, Pest Tracker - Survey Status of Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Domestic Quarantine Notices (Title 7: Agriculture, Part 301) - Fruit Flies, State Summaries of Plant Protection Laws and Regulations, YouTube - Florida's Proactive Defense from Exotic Fruit Flies, Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Mediterranean Fruit Fly (, Hungry Pests: The Threat - Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Plant Pest and Disease Program: Insects - Fruit Flies, Priority Plant Pests and Diseases: Mediterranean Fruit Fly, The Mediterranean Fruit Fly (PDF | 135 KB), Mediterranean Fruit Fly Action Plan (PDF | 556 KB), Recent Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) infestations in Florida: a genetic perspective. fruit fly national surveillance reports; therefore, the map displays assessments of the presence of this pest at the national level and in some cases at subnational levels. USDA. The NCPN helps our country maintain the infrastructure necessary to ensure that pathogen-free, disease-free and pest-free certified planting materials for fruit trees, grapes, berries, citrus, hops, sweet potatoes, and roses are available to U.S. specialty crop producers. There are over two hundred species of fruit fly in Australia. Pest Profile - Mediterranean Fruit Fly. 2003. Mcpheron, G.J. medflies) can be traced back to the African tropics in the Ethiopian biogeographic region. Qfly is considered a serious horticultural pest because it is highly invasive, infesting more than 300 species of cultivated fruits and vegetables. Most of the damage to fruit is done by just two species - the exotic Mediterranean Fruit Fly on the western side of the continent and the native Queensland Fruit Fly in the east. Pest Detection/Emergency Projects Branch. Federal Orders are effective immediately and contain the specific regulatory requirements. Integrated Pest Management Program. The fly is native to Africa, but has spread to southern Europe, Australia, the tropics and Hawaii. Because of their heart-healthy fat content, olives, like avocados, don’t have the sweet flavor you’d expect from something called a fruit. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. to Africa, but has spread invasively first to the Mediterranean area and then to many other parts of the world, including Australasia and North and South America. Fruit flies known as Ceratitis giffardi Bezzi and Ceratitis sarcocephali (Bezzi) may be the same as Ceratitis cosyra, but the taxonomy remains ambiguous (De Meyer 1998). Hosts and parasitoids of the Mediterranean fruit fly. The ori­ ental fruit fly is found in most elevations and climates. ~Common Name: Mediterranean Fruit Fly ~Scientific Name: Ceratitis capitata Weidemann ~Invertebrate: Insecta ~Native Habitat: Sub-Saharan Africa where it is a major agricultural pest -Fruit fly lives in Mediterranean places where the climate is temperate, or subtropical where there are plenty of fruit trees to be found Mediterranean fruit fly must be controlled for the successful production of citrus and stone fruits. In FY 2021, funded projects include, among others: USDA will use $14 million to rapidly respond to invasive pest emergencies should a pest of high economic consequence be found in the United States. Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. Sheppard. Mediterranean fruit fly mortalities were induced at 15˚C - 30˚C, with significant differences among the isolates. APHIS. Version: Dec 8, 2006; using DELTA format (DEscription Language for TAxonomy) is a flexible method for encoding taxonomic descriptions for computer processing. Medfly has spread and established in Europe, the Middle East, Central and South America, Hawaii and Western Australia. CPHST. 2003. University of Hawaii. Economic losses are estimated at $300 million which includes control and loss of production, postharvest treatments, on‐going surveillance for area freedom and loss or limit to domestic and international markets. The first of these species, the Queensland fruit fly, occurs in the Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria and is an Australian native species. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. This updated map provides information on the distribution of the Mediterranean fruit fly, (Ceratitis capitata), throughout the world. The Mediterranean fruit fly is a major fruit fly pest species of quarantine importance capable of causing extensive damage to a wide range of cultivated and wild fruit and vegetable crops. Worldwide: Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, New Zealand, North America, and South America. • The Medfly is native to Africa, but has spread to other parts of the world including southern Europe, Australia and the New World tropics. Early detections of fruit fly can be monitored using lure traps. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. is not present in South Australia, Western ... Do not move any produce out of fruit fly infested areas. Plant Protection and Quarantine. This species is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa, occurring in at least 22 countries, including Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe (CABI/EPPO 1999). Commercial growers once relied on blanket chemical spraying, but nowadays more targeted strategies are often favoured. The other pest species, Mediterranean fruit fly, occurs only in parts of Western Australia and is an introduced species. Includes information for Mexican Fruit Fly, Mediterranean Fruit Fly, and Oriental Fruit Fly. One exotic species, the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) is present in Western Australia and biosecurity measures are in place to prevent it spreading to other parts of the country. Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY214. Mediterranean Fruit Fly Action Plan (PDF | 556 KB) USDA, APHIS Plant Protection and Quarantine. It is native to Africa, but has spread invasively first to the Mediterranean area and then to many other parts of the world, including Australasia and North and South America. Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) (ITIS), Ceratitis citriperda (MacLeay), Ceratitis hispanica (De Brême), Paradalaspis asparagi (Bezzi), Tephritis capitata (Wiedemann) (ITIS), 1910 (Hawaii); infestations in the continental U.S. began in 1929 (APHIS 2003; Silva et al. The species originated in sub-Saharan Africa and is not known to be established in the continental United States. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. 2003), Usually through imported fruit and other crops infested with fruit fly larvae (Silva et al. As regards the latter, surveys conducted in University of Florida. Native to Africa. The adults are slightly smaller than a house fly and have picture wings typical of fruit flies. Agriculture and Life Sciences. The Mediterranean cultivates about 95 percent of the world’s olives, which are eaten as a fruit or pressed for their oil. Division of Plant Industry. Learn more about the Plant Protection Act, Section 7721 on the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) website: www.aphis.usda.gov/ppa-projects. Meixner, B.A. PPQ. In addition to federal quarantines, state-level quarantines might apply see State Summaries of Plant Protection Laws and Regulations (National Plant Board). U.S. Government Printing Office. Mediterranean Fruit Fly, common name of a notorious pest that destroys fruit. Figure 2. The Mediterranean fruit fly (“medfly”) moved away from most lowland areas (except low-elevation cof­ fee fields) when the oriental fruit fly arrived in 1945, and it is now found more frequently in upper elevations. This is a very real concern with the Mediterranean fruit fly, or 'medfly,' which is not your average fruit fly. Since that date (1901), it has spread throughout the Brazilian … The Mediterranean fruit fly was detected at the beginning of the Century XX in the municipality of São Paulo, capital of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The method selected will depend on local conditions, government interest in assisting the fruit producers to organize into units where area-wide insect control can be achieved, and the economic situation. APHIS. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. USDA. This species is native to both the Ethiopian and Palearctic regions, and introduced populations have since been discovered in all of the biogeographic regions. Identification Technology Program. Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly) Ceratitis capitata Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly) (Ceratitis capitata) is an insect pest of fruits and vegetables. When it has been detected in Florida, California, and Texas, especially in recent years, each infestation necessitated intensive and massive eradication and detection procedures so that the pest did not become established. This is a species of fruit fly capable of causing extensive damage to a wide range of fruit crops. Contains fact sheets and other resources for Mediterranean fruit fly, Mexican fruit fly, and Oriental fruit fly. They can be distinguished fairly readily from any of the native fruit flies of the New World. Because of its wide distribution over the world, its ability to tolerate co… The Mediterranean fruit fly is a major fruit fly pest species of quarantine importance capable of causing extensive damage to a wide range of cultivated and wild fruit and vegetable crops. Some countries maintain quarantines against the medfly, which could jeopardize some fresh fruit markets if it should become established in Florida. Arizona State University. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is allocating more than $70 million to support 383 projects under the Plant Protection Act’s Section 7721 program to strengthen the nation’s infrastructure for pest detection and surveillance, identification, threat mitigation, to safeguard the nursery production system and to respond to plant pest emergencies. Incidence of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), in Florida, 1929–1998. Commonly called medfly, it has infested over 200 species of plants worldwide. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. USDA. California Department of Food and Agriculture. It is native South Australia is a declared Fruit Fly Exclusion Zone. Mediterranean fruit fly. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. Distribution: The olive fruit fly probably evolved in southern Africa and then followed the path of olive cultivation into the Middle East and southern Europe. The oldest populations of mediterranean fruit flies (a.k.a. Medfly originates from and is widespread in Africa. The white areas to the southwest and southeast represent the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, respectively. University of Georgia. Native to the Mediterranean region of southern Europe, this fly is now found in Africa, southern Europe, Central and South America, western Australia, the Hawaiian Islands, and periodically in California, Texas, and Florida. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Mediterranean Fruit Fly. The Mediterranean fruit fly is one of the most destructive fruit pests in the world. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. All rights reserved. Olive The cultivated olive (Olea europaea, Oleaceae) is a long-lived, evergreen tree native to the United States: California (being eradicated), Florida (eradicated), Hawaii (eradicated), and Texas. DISTRIBUTION: Mediterranean fruit fly infestations in the United States have occurred in Hawaii since 1910, in Florida The fiscal year 2021 project list includes 29 projects funded through the National Clean Plant Network (NCPN). Contains fact sheets and other resources for Mediterranean fruit fly, Mexican fruit fly, and Oriental fruit fly. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata; MedFly) ... QFly is native to Australia, but it . Plant Health Division. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. 2003), Attacks over 200 species of fruits and vegetables (APHIS 2003). The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata(Wiedemann), is one of the world's most destructive fruit pests. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Copyright 2003-2017 © IAEA. It is a native of Africa and was first detected in Hawaii in 1910. Steck, and W.S. Ceratitis capitata. The Mediterranean fruit fly is native to Africa, but has spread to other parts of the world including southern Europe, Australia, and the New World tropics. The information is mainly based on available Mediterranean A Federal Order is a legal document issued in response to an emergency when the Administrator of APHIS considers it necessary to take regulatory action to protect agriculture or prevent the entry and establishment into the United States of a pest or disease. Universities, states, federal agencies, nongovernmental organizations, nonprofits, and Tribal organizations will carry out selected projects in 49 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and Puerto Rico. sphere. Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, Telephone: (+431) 2600-0, Facsimile (+431) 2600-7, FAO/IAEA Agricultural and Biotechnology Laboratories, Soil and Water Management and Crop Nutrition. Native To: Sub-Saharan Africa (Silva et al. Plant Health Division. About Joint Division   |   Our Work   |   Resources, Disclaimer   |   Contact Us   |   Site Index. California Department of Food and Agriculture. Other species, including the melon fly ( Zeugodacus cucurbitae ) and Z. cucurbitae are found in Torres Strait from time to time and are subject to ongoing eradication efforts. ( Ceratitis capitata ( Wiedemann ) ‘Medfly’ is considered the most destructive fruit pests be traced back to African... Plant Board ) a notorious pest that destroys fruit are often favoured are often favoured Silva et al all! The New world to be established in Europe, Australia, but nowadays more targeted are. 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