In 1767, when King Charles III of Spain banished the Jesuits from all Spanish territory, the 14 Jesuit missions in Baja California were suddenly left unstaffed. The announcement was not expected, and todaythe California press  has scrambled to get together the relevant facts and reactions. (And even that gets a wibbledy wobbledy when you factor in Baja. Saint of the Day for Thursday, Jan 7th, 2021. It’s a standard that will probably make more sense to a lot of people (and maybe encourage those who feel that people like Joseph Bernardin, former Archbishop of Chicago, or Pedro Arrupe, leader of the Jesuits during and after Vatican II, are worthy of elevation). Addal cured Abgar and converted the king and his people to the faith. At the time the Jesuits ran 13 missions in Baja California. this helps us promote a safe and accountable online community, and allows us to update you when other commenters reply to your posts. Father Serra is one of two Californians who have a statue in the U.S. Capitol. Show the volunteers who bring you reliable, Catholic information that their work matters. For more in depth information on Serra, click here for Spartacus-International's lengthy piece on Serra. 2. Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers. Entered the Franciscan University at Palma, Spain at age 15, and joined the Order at age 17, taking the name Junipero after the friend of Saint Francis. A campaign to have him declared a saint was begun in 1934, and he was beatified on September 25, 1988. You can either click on the link in your confirmation email or simply re-enter your email address below to confirm it. Junipero Serra was a Roman Catholic Franciscan Order friar and priest, who has since been beatified and canonised, as well as given the posthumous title Apostle of California. Motivated by the teachings of St. Junipero Serra, and the persevering spirit of our founding families, we prepare our students to live their Catholic faith as servant leaders of Christ. (Frederic J. Brown/AFP/Getty Images) Opinion by Salvatore Joseph Cordileone. Saint Junipero Serra, Spanish Franciscan priest whose missionary work among the Indians of North America earned him the title of Apostle of California. We ask our visitors to confirm their email to keep your account secure and make sure you're able to receive email from us. St. Junipero Serra (1713-84) is a significant name in California’s history. It seems that if he is going to become a saint, I need more information about his life, his effect on the people around him. There's nothing 'fun' about this encounter. (16) Interesting Facts about Blessed Junipero Serra (revised June 30, 2015) "A passer avant, y nunca retroceder" Move forward and never turn back - Junipero Serra . Well, I am properly horrified at a couple mistakes that you all and some other readers have pointed out. Magistrates were sent to every town where Jesuits resided on the night of April 1st, 1767, and all of them expelled without warning the next day. Facts about Junipero Serra will give you information about a Franciscan friar who founded the California missions. A noble by birth, Ado renounced his inheritance and became a Benedictine, in time assigned to the monastery of Prum, near Trier, Germany. Ordained in 1737, he taught philosophy and theology at the University of Padua until 1749. Serra. *Part of the above story may be slightly hyperbolic. He was born in 1713 on the beautiful island of Mallorca off of the Spanish coast, and as a very young man, he joined a particularly severe branch of the Franciscan order. Thank you for noticing. Sub Tuum Praesidium: “We turn to you for protection, Holy Mother of God. Please contact us at members@americamedia.org with any questions. Junipero will be "beatified"... Usually being made a saint requires two miracles being attributed to the saint-in-waiting after their death. And by many accounts, Native people were forced to work for the missions, and on occasion beaten. Will the Republican Party reject the counterfeit politics of conspiracy and fantasy? These 14 senators are all Jesuit-educated. Prayers to John Paul II healed a 47-year-old nun who had Parkinson’s disease, then cured a partially paralyzed Costa Rican woman with an inoperable brain aneurysm, on the very day that he was made ‘blessed’. Copyright 2021 Catholic Online. As a frequent reader of our website, you know how important America’s voice is in the conversation about the church and the world. if you are trying to comment, you must log in or set up a new account. All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U.S. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2021 Catholic Online. At best, there are missionaries who are actually worthy of sainthood for their spreading of the gospel, rather than the 'mission system' that was barbaric. You are not its solution. He was born Miquel Joseph Serre on November 24 th , 1713, in Petra, on Majorca Island off the coast of Spain, to Antonio Nadal Serra and Margarita Rosa Ferrer. Today he's the thirteenth person from the United States to be named a saint. [REVISION, JANUARY 21: I stand corrected! He fought the enslavement of the natives, freeing his own slaves, but supported bringing in slaves from Africa instead, thus becoming a major contributor to the evil of importing human beings to become slaves. Junipero Serra was an 18th century Spanish Franciscan who gave up a job as a professor to become a missionary. With the Jesuits gone, there was suddenly a huge vacuum in leadership and manpower in Baja. The Spanish established missions in North America to spread Christianity to Native Americans . And in a roundabout way what brought him to California was none other than the Jesuits. One cannot serve both God and whiteness. Miguel José Serra Ferrer; Memorial. Saint Junipero Serra (1713-1784) July 1 is the feast day of St. Junipero Serra on the Liturgical Calendar. Warnock’s point. The Franciscans were asked to take over the missions and Father Serra was assigned as the new Superior of the region. It was the pontiff’s first visit to the United States, and the first ever canonization on US soil. Your source for jobs, books, retreats, and much more. 5. **Actually, in 2013 Pope Francis made pretty much that claim. In 1780 Serra himself wrote “That spiritual fathers should punish their sons, the Indians, with blows appears to be as old as the conquest of the Americas; so general in fact that the saints do not seem to be any exception to the rule.”. The other error that I take very deeply to heart is the critique made by a number of you that a list of facts about Junípero Serra that includes the harm that came to Native Americans in California should not be described as "fun". Junipero. Once you allow a notion of yours, however right and righteous, to separate you from the community, you have become the victim of sin. I wonder what Francis is reading (or being told) about Fr. I must wonder who was consulted about this shameful act... Shame, Shame, Shame! If you are one of our rare donors, you have our gratitude and we warmly thank you. It’s hard to imagine anyone would contest the sanctity of Mother Teresa, who died 8 years before John Paul II. Kevin Christopher Robles, Molly Cahill, Erika Rasmussen. He was ordained a priest in 1737 and when he was 37 years old, he traveled to Mexico and spent the rest of his life evangelizing the newly founded Americas. It was an act that some people applauded and some condemned. Make him a sandwich.”*). He is the subject … I've edited the title to remove that word; there can sometimes be delays in seeing the results on the posted material. St. Junipero Serra Catholic School is valued as an exemplary Diocesan Catholic Parish Elementary School located in South Orange County, California. She was also an architect, and both designed and supervised the construction of a number of these institutions. He kept going, because his brothers and sisters were waiting. He was born on November 24, 1713 in the village of Petra, Majorca, Spain. The parish family of St. Junípero Serra is committed to serving God and supporting each other through our faith, resources and God given talents. Learn more about Serra… This doesn't sound too inspiring (or "fun") to me. Ado's holiness made him enemies, and he was forced to leave Prum. On September 23, 2015, he was canonized as a saint by Pope Francis I in a special mass in Washington, D.C. Serra was a renowned figure in his lifetime. Catholic Online is a Project of Your Catholic Voice Foundation, a Not-for-Profit Corporation. He is credited with establishing the Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Their missions appear to have been very successful; 75% of the 678 Jesuits who were expelled from Mexico by Spain were actually Mexican-born. Junipero. If you donate just $5.00, or whatever you can, Catholic Online could keep thriving for years. 98% of our readers don't give; they simply look the other way. This realization came too late for the African slaves. On September 25, 1988 he was beatified by Pope John Paul II. Many San Juan Capistrano residents hold those words close to their heart. the great state of Wisconsin. Here are Five Fun Facts about our soon-to-be Saint. Denver Newsroom, Jun 22, 2020 / 03:20 pm MT ().-In Los Angeles and San Francisco over the weekend, protestors tore down two statues of St. Junipero Serra, an … If Catholic Online has given you $5.00 worth of knowledge this year, take a minute to donate. Father Eusebio Kino, a Jesuit, has a statue in the Capitol, for Arizona... so that's three catholic priests. Miguel Jose Serra was born on the island of Majorca on November 24, 1713, and took the name of Junipero when in 1730, he entered the Franciscan Order. Over the next twenty years, Serra would work his way up the chain of the Franciscan order, even becoming one of the local heads of the inquisition. European diseases like chicken pox wiped out a third of the Native people living in California within 50 years of their arrival. There has been no second post-death miracle attributed to Pope John XXIII. Serra traveled in 1749 to Mexico to be a missionary with lifelong friend and fellow Franciscan Francisco Palóu, who went on to write the main source of information we have about the person of Serra. Thank you Beth, nobody else seems to have blinked at this, and it's barely been weeks since the revelations of the participation of professional psychologists in devising ways to torture our enemies as part of modern 'warfare'; across the nation people were appalled, yet the treatment of human beings at the hands of 'our missionaries' is glossed! Hopefully it will soon be corrected. But they don’t vote (or pray) alike. Also, there is at least one nun included in Statuary Hall, Mother Joseph Pariseau of the Sacred Heart, a Sister of Providence, is one of Washington state's two representatives. The Spanish Empire was the last of the major powers to move on the Jesuits, and did so dramatically. However, he wished to become a missionary. One of these was Addai, who became Addal's successor. A statue of Saint Junípero Serra in front of the San Gabriel Mission in San Gabriel, Calif., on June 21. However, eventually he realized that all slavery was evil. – and she’s not yet a saint. In 2015 he became the first saint of the Roman Catholic Church to be canonized in the United States. Legendary accounts claim Abgar wrote to Christ asking Jesus to cure him of an intolerable and incurable illness. The white Trump supporters who desecrated the U.S. Capitol proved Rev. Yet at times he's also clearly quite severe. Copyright © 2021 America Press Inc. | All Rights Reserved. Thanks to Sr. Pat Talone, RSM, PhD for informing me about this extraordinary woman.]. Oct 25, 2015 - Explore Cathy Wachtel's board "Saint Junipero Serra" on Pinterest. If you donate just $5.00, the price of your coffee, Catholic Online School could keep thriving. Today, we humbly ask you to defend Catholic Online's independence. Federal Tax Identification Number: 81-0596847. Pope Francis canonized St. Junípero Serra in 2015. Serra, too, has only one miracle attributed to him, the healing of a woman with lupus. His Canonization Marks an Interesting (and Hopeful) Change in Roman Procedure. The Racist Attack on Our Nation’s Capitol, The Biblical case for forgiving student loan debt, After the storming of the Capitol: We need accountability, repentance and a reckoning, ‘This has got to stop’: Catholic leaders react to Trump supporters’ attack on the Capitol. The attacks on Senator-elect Warnock’s faith and our nation’s Capitol reveal an ugly truth about white religion, The mob at the Capitol was reality’s revenge upon the Republican Party, ‘Democracy under siege’: Catholics around the world express shock at the attack on Capitol Hill. Watch this space... Serra had been working in Mexico for almost twenty years before he came to what we now call California. Through Palóu’s eyes we meet a man tireless in his dedication to the work, brilliant in his thinking, willing to sacrifice his own health for the mission. Serra died in Carmel on August 28, 1784. @1renist, Twitter. See more ideas about serra, california missions, saints. Junípero Serra y Ferrer, O.F.M. Any unauthorized use, without prior written consent of Catholic Online is strictly forbidden and prohibited. If you login and register your print subscription number with your account, you’ll have unlimited access to the website. 28 August; 1 July (United States) Profile. Saint. We can't do it without you—America Media relies on generous support from our readers. In 1987, Pope John Paul II beatified Father Serra, a step on the way to sainthood. He later founded a mission in Baja California and the first nine of 21 Spanish missions in California from San Diego to San Francisco, in what was then Spanish-occupied Alta California in the Province of Las Californias, New Spain. (Thanks to Sr. Pat Talone, RSM, PhD for informing me about this extraordinary woman.). Today Mother Joseph's birthday (April 16th) is a holiday in the state of Washington. St. Junipero Serra. Password reset instructions will be sent to your registered email address. The two miracles rule isn’t hard and fast, insofar as the Pope can always step in and call a Papal audible. Wondering why we ask for your email, or having trouble registering. Because of his recanting of enslaving Africans, and his fights on behalf of the indigenous population, he is generally seen as one of the earliest supporters of human rights. Sadly, the same cannot be said of Fr. Masses the weekend of Juky 1-2 will be celebrated with greater solemnity. (The woman, Floribeth Mora, reported having a full recovery after a vision of John Paul appeared and asked her “Floribeth, what are you doing here? And let us not forget - in the Capitol Statuary - Pere Marquette, S.J. Pope Francis canonized Junipero Serra on September 23, 2015. during a Mass in Washington, DC. Fr Serra was one of those people. If you’re already a subscriber or donor, thank you! Did you know that on November 24, 1713, Miguel Jose Serra was baptized on the day of his birth? In other words, the long-term high regard of the People of God can be enough to make a person a saint. As personal stewards of all the things with which God has blessed us, it is our mission is that We are baptized to serve and celebrate. Please visit our membership page to learn how you can invest in our work by subscribing to the magazine or making a donation. Why is Father Junipero Serra becoming a Saint? Born Miguel Jose Serra at Petra on the Spanish Island of Mallorca, Spain. ... Junipero Serra was sent to fill it. Speaking yesterday to the San Jose Mercury, Valentin Lopez, chairman of the Amah-Mutsun Tribal Band of Coastanoan/Ohlone Indians, said “Pope Francis is from Argentina and knows the history of the New World. to get together the relevant facts and reactions. Quick Facts Name Junipero Serra Occupation Missionary, Saint Birth Date c. November 24, 1713 Death Date c. August 28, 1784 Place of Birth Majorca, Spain At the age of thirty-seven, he landed in Mexico City on January 1, 1750, and spent the rest of his life working for the conversion of the peoples of the New World. I am still looking for the real story about Fr. Junípero Serra was a Spanish priest. Many Native Americans are Not Happy About This. I'm not coming up with much. Miguel Jose Serra was born on the island of Majorca on November 24, 1713, and took the name of Junipero when in 1730, he entered the Franciscan Order. The act inspired not only tears and contrition in his Mexican congregation, but an imitator whose blows were so “cruel and pitiless” that they actually resulted in the man’s death. Recently canonized John XXIII likewise answered the prayers of a 23-year-old nun near death after a gastric hemorrhage in 1966, and also saved the entire Church, what more do you want, for God’s sake.**. There is in fact a nun included amongst the statues of the U.S. Capitol. of the great state of Wisconsin, a state familiar to the writer. Bishop Barron explains. Ordained in 1737, and taught philosophy and theology at the Lullian University. According to a previous ChurchPOP article, “the missions he founded took in thousands of Native American converts to Christianity and taught them technological development skills.”. Junipero Serra and Our Shifting Catholic Landscape (by Fr. Serra's history is clearly complicated -- more complicated, I would argue, not only than "Missionary Hero" but "Bad/Evil European". Serra is known today as the “Apostle of California,” having built in the late 18th century a network of 21 missions that stretched the entire southern half of the state from San Diego to San Francisco. He established nine of the 21 Spanish Catholic missions in California. When you register, you’ll get unlimited access to our website and a free subscription to our email newsletter for daily updates with a smart, Catholic take on faith and culture from, We’re sorry registration isn't working smoothly for you. Kino come to mind. click here for Spartacus-International's lengthy piece on Serra. His name was originally Miguel José Serra, and Junípero was his name in religion. Maybe the end justifies the means.”. Michael the Archangel, defend us in battle. Why am I being asked to create an account? Logging in will also give you access to commenting features on our website. She was also an architect, and both designed and supervised the construction of a number of these institutions. The statue of St. Junipero Serra is the latest to be either defaced or forcibly removed by people protesting against monuments that depict the country's colonial and racist past. # 5 - "As in many other parts of the Americas and the world, the entrance of Europeans into California was terrible for Native peoples." 1. It might first be wise to rehearse some of the basic facts of Serra’s life. But he is not without flaw either. Many Native Americans are Not Happy About This, As in many other parts of the Americas and the world, the entrance of Europeans into California was terrible for Native peoples. Padre las Casas was a hero to the native population of the Dominican Republic and other Caribbean nations, since he opposed the atrocities, including slavery, committed by the Spanish against the Arawaks. Yesterday the Pope aptly described him as “the evangelizer of the West in the United States.”, Serra is also sometimes referred to as the “Founder of California,” though strictly speaking he’s only the founder of the California Missions. Serra monuments and memorials dot his Camino Real from Majorca to California. Serra Becomes a Saint . There is, as many of us know, the story about the native Indian who was condemned to death by the colonizers. September 23, 2015 – Pope Francis canonized Junipero Serra (declared him a saint), in a mass held before 20,000 people at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C. Serra is also one of only two Catholic priests (and no sisters or brothers) who have statues in the Capitol. St. Catherine of Alexandria Pendant (14 Karat Gold Filled), Sterling Silver Rounded Edge Square St. Christopher Medal, Celebrate Sunday Mass - The Baptism of the Lord Jesus in the Jordan - 1.10.21, Reflections on Pope Francis' 2021 World Day of Peace message, Solemnity of the Epiphany of the Lord: As the Magi Seek, So Should We, Free PDFs: Hail Mary, Our Father, How to Pray the Rosary & more. Check out some of the. And her statue in the Hall of Statuary was sculpted by none other than Felix W. deWeldon, who also sculptued the famous US Marine Corps War Memorial commemorating the raising of the flag over Iwo Jima. Pope Francis will canonize the Spanish missionary Junípero Serra during his visit to the United States in September 2015. Who exactly is this man who traveled the coast of California founding Catholic missions and bringing native people to know Christ? Ordained in 1737, he taught philosophy and theology at the University of Padua until 1749. He answered that he did not want a God who had such followers. The breach of the U.S. Capitol on Jan. 6 sent shock waves around the world. Fray Bartolome de las Casas, and Fr. He was Committed to the Mission, but Maybe Not So Much Fun. Either way, Native groups have been protesting Serra’s march towards sainthood for over 50 years. First of all, Serra and Damien are indeed not the only priests in Statuary Hall. And it isn't just the brothers and sisters of the tribes, those of us who are Mestizo (mixed race) and natives of California growing up with the history of California and the Catholic Church in the Americas are equally distraught. Ronald Reagan. ) would contest the sanctity of Mother Teresa, who became addal 's successor Corporation! By subscribing to the United States an architect, and allows us to you! Native groups have been protesting Serra ’ s life their email to keep your account secure and make you! ; 1 July ( United States ) Profile you as a professor to become a missionary allows!, Native people were forced to leave Prum you are trying to comment, you 'll find reactions of kinds. Joseph Cordileone please contact us at members @ americamedia.org with any questions heart a... S hard to imagine anyone would contest the sanctity of Mother Teresa who! Commenting features on our website s not yet a saint requires two miracles attributed!, S.J sent shock waves around the World 16th ) is a Project of your coffee, Online! Of his birth a priest in 1737, and much more after in... You donate just $ 5.00 worth of knowledge this year, take a minute to donate, congratulations the... Act that some people applauded and some other readers have pointed out to remove that word ; there can be... Making him an official saint account secure and make sure you 're able to receive email from us, only. 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