In 1947 the area along with rest of country won independence from British rule when it was part of the district British Garhwal also called Pauri Garhwal. Uttarakhand was separated from Uttar Pradesh in 2000, and it was since then that its people were demanding for Garsain to be made the capital of the state. [14][15] Huen Tsang, the Chinese traveller, who visited the region around 629 AD, mentions a kingdom of Brahampura in the region. The Nanda Devi Mountains divide the state into two parts- Kumaon and Garhwal. Gairsain: Twenty years after Uttarakhand was granted statehood, an announcement was made in the state assembly on Wednesday to make Gairsain its summer capital. [25] A hunger strike, which lasted for 157 days, was organised in the year 1994 in order to pressurise the government to announce Gairsain as the capital of Uttarakhand. Disclaimer : We respect your thoughts and views! The activists suggested Gairsain as the capital as it was falling on the border of Kumaon and Garhwal regions. The Kunindas and Kiratas are also reported to have been inhabitants of this region. Dehradun (Uttarakhand) [India], January 6 (ANI): Uttarakhand's tableau representing 'Kedarkhand' has been selected for the Republic Day parade to be held on January 26 at Rajpath in the national capital. The entire complex was proposed to be developed on the green city concept, which would be equipped with several modern facilities on its sprawling campus including "residential apartments and commercial complexes, dispensaries, and schools, besides parks and playgrounds for children and youth". We, together have achieved the milestone, no one else could. Uttarakhand was carved out as a separate state from Uttar Pradesh in 1998. The snowfall is usually between 5 and 120 cm, and the snow accumulates for a day or two. [48] The winter temperature, however, hovers between 12 and 7 °C. According to 2011 census of India, Gairsain town is spread over an area of 7.53 sq. Uttarakhand has also become the second state to have a dual capital after the state of Jammu and Kashmir. In the beginning of 1803 a severe earthquake occurred in the whole of Garhwal which destroyed many houses and killed many human beings and cattle. According to tradition, the name Gairsain is derived from the Garhwali words; Gair (गैर) meaning 'at some depth' and Sain (सैण) meaning 'rolling plains', referring to the somewhat flat land at some depth in otherwise hilly terrain. [2][3][4] Gairsain is a town and Nagar Panchayat in Chamoli district and is situated at the eastern edge of the vast Dudhatoli mountain range, located almost at the centre of the state, at a distance of approximately 250 kilometres from Dehradun. In March this year, during assembly session in Gairsain of Chamoli, Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat had announced that Gairsain will be the summer capital of Uttarakhand. At present, a Nagar panchayat the town has four government schools including two primary schools and three hospitals. [38][39] An official notification to this effect was issued on 8 June 2020 by the government after the then governor, Baby Rani Maurya gave her assent to the move. Gairsain - The Summer Capital of Uttrakhand This picturesque town is located in the centre Garhwal and Kumaon and acts as a prime town for both the regions. Other nearby Railway stations include Kathgodam (160 km) and Kotdwara (245 km). In May 2014, a decision was taken by Uttarakhand government to constitute 'Gairsain Development Council' by merging the blocks of Gairsain in Chamoli and Chaukhutia in Almora,[31] and by the end of the year, there were plans to develop Gairsain as the Summer capital of Uttarakhand. The hill town of Gairsain in the hill district of Chamoli officially became the summer capital of Uttarakhand after the state Governor Baby Rani Maurya gave her assent to it on Monday, said officials. As a result, religious tourism forms a major portion of the tourism in the state. [44] The town is located on the mountains of the Dudhatoli range, and forms its western limit. [29] The commission found Dehradun and Kashipur eligible for the capital, noting "the interim capital, Dehradun, is a more suitable place as the permanent capital owing to the factors like its distance from national capital, centralised population and safety from natural calamities" and considering the odd geographical conditions, seismic data and other factors, disfavoured Gairsain as the permanent capital. [42], The average annual rainfall occurring in the town is 1435 mm. Last Updated: 08th June 2020 08:06 PM km, and the total population residing in the town is 7,138,[1] which gives it population density of 947.94 persons per square kilometer of area, which is greater than the state ratio of 189 people per square kilometer. CM Rawat made the announcement during the ongoing Budget session of the Uttarakhand Assembly at Gairsain. DEHRADUN: Uttarakhand government on Monday formally declared Gairsain as the summer capital of Uttarakhand with governor notifying the same. During the rest of the year the skies are generally clear to lightly clouded. Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali was the first person to propose Gairsain as the capital of a hill state in the 1960s. An airstrip exists at Gauchar (55 km) but is used only during special occasions. 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